Anemia due to cancer chemotherapy

Anemia simply refers to shortage of healthy red blood cells in the body.

Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that transports oxygen from your lungs throughout your body. Chemotherapy (chemo) has the potential to harm your red blood cells. When your body has fewer red blood cells, less oxygen travels through it, and you can become anemic. You may have extreme fatigue as a result of anaemia.

If you have anaemia as a result of chemotherapy, your doctor may give erythropoiesis-stimulating drugs (ESAs). ESAs are laboratory-made versions of erythropoietin. They function by inducing the production of extra red blood cells in your bone marrow.