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Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

18 July, 2020 Garima Choudhary

Bipolar disorder, conjointly referred to as emotional disturbance, may be a psychological state that brings severe high and low moods and changes in sleep, energy, thinking, and behavior.

People who have bipolar disorder will have periods within which they feel to a fault happy and energized and alternative periods of feeling terribly unhappy, hopeless, and sluggish. In between those periods, they sometimes feel traditional. You’ll think about the highs and also the lows as 2 “poles” of mood, that is why it’s referred to as “bipolar” disorder.

The word “depressive” describes the days once somebody with bipolar disorder feels to a fault excited and assured. These feelings may also involve irritability and impulsive or reckless decision-making concerning ½ folks throughout mania may also have delusions (believing things that are not true which they cannot be talked out of) or hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there).


Symptoms of mania (“the highs”):

  • Excessive happiness, hopefulness, and excitement

  • Sudden changes from being joyful to being irritable, angry, and hostile

  • Restlessness

  • Rapid speech and poor concentration

  • Increased energy 

  • Unusually high drive

  • Making grand and false plans

  • Showing poor judgment

  • Drug and alcoholic abuse

  • Becoming additional impulsive

  • Less want for sleep

  • Less of Associate in Nursing craving

  • Larger sense of assurance and well-being

  • Being simply distracted

During depressive periods (“the lows”), an individual with emotional disorder might have:

  • Sadness

  • Loss of energy

  • Feelings of despair or worthlessness

  • Not enjoying things they once likable

  • Trouble concentrating

  • Forgetfulness

  • Talking slowly

  • Less of a drive

  • Inability to feel pleasure

  • Uncontrollable crying

  • Trouble creating selections

  • Irritability

  • Needing additional sleep

  • Insomnia

  • Appetite changes that cause you to lose or gain weight

  • Thoughts of death or suicide

  • Attempting suicide


Genetic factors:

Some studies have recommended that there could also be a genetic part to bipolar disorder. It’s a lot of doubtless to emerge in an exceedingly one that includes a friend with the condition.

Biological traits:

  • Patients with bipolar disorder usually show physical changes in their brains, however the link remains unclear.

  • Brain-chemical imbalances: Neurochemical imbalances seem to play a key role in several mood disorders, as well as emotional disturbance.

  • Hormonal problems: Secretion imbalances may trigger or cause emotional disturbance.

  • Environmental factors: Abuse, mental stress, a “significant loss,” or another traumatic event might contribute to or trigger emotional disturbance.

  • One chance is that some folks with a genetic predisposition for bipolar disorder might not have noticeable symptoms till they associate environmental issue & triggers a severe mood shift.


Treatment is best guided by a medical doctor who makes a speciality of diagnosing and treating psychological state conditions (psychiatrist) who is skilled in treating bipolar and related disorders. You’ll have a treatment team that also includes a psychologist, caseworker and psychiatric nurse.

Bipolar disorder could be a lifelong condition. Treatment is directed at managing symptoms, reckoning on your needs, treatment may include:

1) Medications:  Often, you will need to begin taking medications to balance your moods instantly. You can buy medicines and healthcare products online by just uploading your prescription to 3MEDS website. 

2) Continued treatment: Major affective disorder requires lifelong treatment with medications, even during times once you feel better. People that skip maintenance treatment are at high risk of a relapse of symptoms or having minor mood changes become full-blown mania or depression. 

3) Day treatment programs: Your doctor may recommend each day treatment program. These programs provide the support and counseling you would like while you get symptoms in check.

4) Substance abuse treatment: If you’ve got problems with alcohol or drugs, you’ll also need misuse treatment. Otherwise, it is very difficult to manage emotional disturbance.

5) Hospitalization: Your doctor may recommend hospitalization if you’re behaving dangerously, you’re feeling suicidal otherwise you become detached from reality.

Getting psychiatric treatment at a hospital can help keep you calm and safe and stabilize your mood, whether you’re having a manic or major depressive episode. It is very important for you to choose best healthcare services providers to get proper treatment. 

The primary treatments for emotional disorder include medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy) to manage symptoms, and also may include education and support groups.


Bipolar disorder not only affects the patient but the family further. Consequently, relations should be included in treatment and care. As mentioned earlier, consequences surrounding a diagnosis of manic depression may mean disruption of any socialization with family and friends. So support of family and friends is also important to the patient along with the process of medical treatment.