World Immunization Week 2022

28 April, 2022 Ananya das

Every next year a new kind of infectious disease shows up and starts attacking people. The variation in the symptoms and the variation in the fighting capacity of a body depends on his/her immunity power. If the immunity power of a population is low, then the infection can stand fatal for the community making it difficult for the region to cope with the disease. Thus, to enhance the immunity power of the whole community, a vaccination drive is conducted.

Though it is quite difficult to create a new vaccine for a new disease in a short period, the vaccines available for various diseases can provide the initial shield. They immunize your body and make it capable of fighting the common disease symptoms. Hence, vaccination is very important for all. Right from childhood the process of vaccination starts and with growing age and needs and the environmental conditions, the process of vaccination continues for a person.

Hence, to popularize the importance of vaccination and enhance the rate of immunization against currently recognized 25+vaccine-preventable diseases World Health Assembly in its meeting in 2012, endorsed the celebration of World Immunization Week. The initiative was taken to bring the world together to witness the power of immunization on the same day. This year World Immunization Week is celebrated from 24th to 30th April. People from about 180 countries participate in this awareness program.

Is immunization having the same meaning as vaccination?

Usually, both the terms immunization and vaccination are used interchangeably, but there is quite a significant difference present between them fundamentally. The process of providing a person with doses of vaccines, either as injections or as medicines is known as vaccination. It is done to protect a person from the attack of any form of infectious disease.

But the process of immunization is far broader; it includes both the process of vaccination and the process of making a person immune to infectious diseases. Here, after the vaccination dose, it is judged if the person has developed the required protection capability via his immune system development. Besides, it is considered that if the rate of immunization drops then the rate of vaccination must be enhanced. this makes them both interrelated with each other with a basic difference between them.

Essentials to know about immunization

  • Prevents millions of death every year: More than 25+ vaccination-preventable diseases are prevalent at present around the world. Every year due to a lack of vaccination and proper treatment millions of people die. But vaccination is the way to prevent its uprise beforehand. It helps to immunize the body and provide the body with all the essential shielding effects. The vaccination works in the sense that they stimulate the immune system to respond the similar to it would respond when the body is attacked by an external infectious body. In this way, it stimulates the working of the immune system of the body and allows it to get stronger to fight actual infections.
  • Vaccination is best when the risk of disease is low: After getting vaccinated for the first time with a full dose, it seems like the body has achieved protection from the disease. But after some time, the disease might come back. The chances of deadly disease eradication are very low, hence timely precautions are always necessary. Besides, it is important to understand that vaccinations must be done on time and when the risk of the disease is low. When the risk rises the chances of getting vaccinated and the spread of disease both seem troublesome. Hence, make sure to take your dose of vaccine on the scheduled time with utmost responsibility.
  • Combined vaccines do works The common misconception is that giving more than one vaccine at a time will put the body at various kinds of risks. But this is incorrect. Charging your body with multiple vaccines at a time exposes your body to many antigens at the same time. In place of getting exposed to multiple external infectious bodies at the same time, it is better and healthy to accept antigens to fight them.
  • Vaccines provide the safest way of protection: Since vaccines act in a similar way as natural infection on our body but in a safe way. hence it is considered the safest way to protect the body. Due to the excessive misuse of antibiotics, many drug-resistant variants of the same bacteria have developed. So, the action of antibiotics has come down. thus, to support and enhance the action of antibiotics, vaccines are of great use. Vaccines act as a frontline defence warrior against antimicrobial resistance.