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World Hemophilia Day 2022- Causes, symptoms and treatment

18 April, 2022 Ananya das

In every human body, certain special proteins are present responsible for carrying out the blood clotting process. These proteins are known as clotting factors, and they work together with the platelets present within our blood to stop spontaneous bleeding. But when these clotting factors suffer a lack of functioning or are produced in lower quantities due to some or other reason and stop providing their specific work, there develops the condition called Hemophilia.

Hemophilia is considered an inherited bleeding disorder inherited from the mother during birth. Hence, this condition is also called X-linked disorder as the baby receives X-chromosomes from their mother. Under this condition, the body’s ability to clot blood during any injury or surgery gets affected. This results in severe damage to the health of an individual, which can lead to even excess blood loss or even death in some cases. Hence, to spread awareness among people about Hemophilia and other inherited bleeding diseases, World Hemophilia Day is celebrated every year on 17 April.

World Hemophilia Day is an initiative taken by the World Federation of Hemophilia and was announced to be celebrated in 1989, on the birthday of its founder. Every year World Hemophilia day is celebrated with a specific theme. Based on the theme, people worldwide come together to participate and celebrate the day. This year the theme of this day is ‘Access for All’.

How to know if you are suffering from Hemophilia?

Though Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder and can’t be recognized unless you undergo severe surgery or an accident, there are certain noticeable signs that can help you recognize the condition. Some of the most commonly noticeable signs in patients with Hemophilia are mentioned below.

  • Common bruising in various parts of the body
  • Bleeding during urination, with stool or after any form of vaccination or injection
  • Bleeding from the gums or within the joints and soft muscles
  • Frequent, sudden and excess nose bleedings

These symptoms are commonly seen in Hemophilia patients, yet usually, these symptoms don’t show up until adulthood. But many cases are also observed where severity is diagnosed in infants with the condition.

How to treat Hemophilia and help someone who’s suffering from the condition?

Having known in brief about the disease, now let us know how we can treat the disease. Though the disease can’t be cured as there is yet not discovered the proper medication and therapy required to treat the disease yet you can take certain precautionary measures and symptom suppressing medicines to get some help. Unless the treatment is accepted and followed properly, the condition can even result in arthritis in affected joints. Besides, timely treatment helps to lower the chances of joints, muscles and other organs getting damaged. Some of the commonly used processes to treat the condition are mentioned below.

  • Therapies to replace the missing proteins: There are presently available two types of therapies called prophylactic therapy and demand therapy. These are used to replace the clotting factors with synthetically produced factors called recombinant clotting factors. These help to further lower the chances of transmission of the infection and excessive bleeding.
  • Use of medicine: Certain medicines like emicizumab-kxwh, antifibrinolytic medication and desmopressin are approved to be used as an injection for the treatment of hemophilia A, which occurs due to clotting factor VIII. Desmopressin is a drug that is given to stimulate the release of factor VIII stored within the body whereas antifibrinolytic medication helps to prevent the breaking of the formed blood clots. Besides, the drug, emicizumab-kxwh is used to lower the frequency of bleeding. Hence, these medicines can be helpful for hemophilia A patients for short term relief.

Is it easy to undertake the treatment procedures for Hemophilia?

Already Hemophilia is a serious condition with no proper treatment procedure available to treat the disease. But with the above-mentioned protein replacement therapies and medicines, you can get some relief. Still, it is not easy to undertake these treatments as they carry some complications along with them. Some of such complications include the development of antibodies against the treatment procedure, viral infection due to the clotting factors and excessive blood clots. Hence, to avoid these from taking place it is very important to carry out the treatment therapies and procedures with care.