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All you must know about Hand Sanitizers

17 July, 2020 Arpita Karmakar


What is a Hand Sanitizer? What are the types? 

A water-less disinfectant which is available in the form of gel, liquid or foam is broadly known as a sanitizer. It is known extensively to limit or kill microbes present on the hands or any other part of the body. 

There are broadly two types of hand sanitizers:

Sanitizers with alcohol 

Sanitizers which have added alcohol typically contain isopropanol, ethanol, or n-propanol in the range of 60 to 95 percent of alcohol. Alcohol present in sanitizers immediately denatures proteins in the microbes, thus effectively neutralizing a number of different types of microorganisms.

Sanitizers without alcohol 

Alcohol-free alternatives of the sanitizers are usually based on certain disinfectants such as antimicrobial agents, such as triclosan, benzalkonium chloride (BAC) etc. They may not be as effective as sanitizers with alcohol on certain germs and viruses

Apart from these two broad types, there are certain sanitizers that contain emollients such as essential oils, glycerine or aloe vera gel that soothe and moisturise the skin and also enhance the fragrance of the product.

What are the benefits of using Hand Sanitizers? 

Covid-19: the new invisible enemy that has come up coiling around us and has become a public health emergency of international emergency. 

With WHO declaring corona virus a global pandemic, 3MEDS, the best healthcare service provider in India says that it is very vital to keep ourselves and our community safe and sound. 

Corona virus has been affecting people in a number of different ways, ranging from people developing mild to moderate illnesses to people getting severely hospitalised

A number of people develop symptoms like fever, dry cough, tiredness, aches and pain along with severe symptoms like shortness of breath or extreme difficulty in breathing leading to asthma etc While a number of people are asymptomatic, that is they hardly show any symptoms of exposure to corona virus and it becomes very hard to detect. 

While we wait for new effective drugs, vaccines and medication to develop and treat this 'cytokine storm' which has been fueling Covid deaths, the only way to stay safe is to practice frequent handwashing and in an alternative use hand sanitizers to disinfect frequently 

Some of the most common uses of Sanitizers 

Disinfection: One of the most important benefits of hand sanitizer is that it disinfects and eliminates about 99% of  germs.

Elimination of Diseases: Sanitizers have the ability to kill a wide range of germs mainly bacteria and viruses that cause several infections like cold, cough and other gastrointestinal troubles. 

Easy Portabilition: In situations where there is  unavailability of water, sanitizers are saviours because they are extremely pocket friendly and can be carried anywhere at any time. 

Moisturization: A number of sanitizers nowadays are skin friendly and contain components like aloe vera gel, essential oils, glycerin etc that moisturise and hydrate the skin effectively.

Duration: Sanitizers are easy to use and are less time consuming since they work rapidly on the hands to kill the pathogens.

How to use a hand sanitizer? 

There are three things that need to be kept in mind while using a hand sanitizer:

  1. It's important to rub the sanitizer into the skin until the hands are dry.

  2. If the hands are dirty or greasy, it's important to wash them first with soap and water.

  3. It's necessary to keep in mind that hand sanitizers must not be consumed or swallowed as they have toxic components

Below mentioned are some tips for using a hand sanitizer effectively

1.Apply the sanitizer into the palm of one hand and  rub your hands thoroughly together. It's important to make sure to cover the entire surface of your hands and fingers.

2. Continue rubbing the hand sanitizers for 30 to 60 seconds till the hands are dry to kill most germs and microbes. 

What is the use of alcohol in a Sanitizer? 

Nowadays there are different varieties of hand sanitizers but most healthcare organisations prefer the ones that contain alcohol since they are more effective in removing microbes like viruses and bacteria from the hands. 

These hand sanitizers when applied properly over the surface of hands and fingers for about 30 seconds or more and are allowed to air-dry have the potential to limit the attack of germs like bacteria, fungi and viruses.


During this Covid-19 pandemic, hand sanitizers are considered as the best alternatives to hand wash and are valued as the most effective hygienic essentials to contain the transmission of this infectious coronavirus disease.

At this point of the pandemic, hand sanitizers and masks are considered as the must-have essentials that a person needs to stock right at homes, workplaces, hospitals and health care clinics. You can buy all necessary medicines, healthcare products and sanitizers from the best medicine store online in India at a discounted rate of 23%.