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PCOS- Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

16 July, 2020 Anushka Das

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is also known as Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD). It affects 5% to 10% women in the age group 12-45 years. Studies suggest that one in ten women suffer from PCOD/PCOS. It is a very common problem among women nowadays which causes imbalance in their oestrogen and progesterone hormones. In this article, 3Meds– the best online pharmacy app brings to you the causes, symptoms and treatment of PCOD.

PCOS isn’t a new condition. Women from ages have been suffering from PCOD but due to the lack of diagnosis, no one actually comes to know about the severity of the disease. The lack of ovulation changes the levels of oestrogenprogesteroneFSH(Follicle Stimulating Hormone) and LH(Luteinizing Hormone) in them.

Many may not know but the ovary of women too produce testosterone(in extremely small quantities) along with progesterone and oestrogen. What happens when there’s an imbalance in hormones?

So, if there’s an imbalance of hormones in a woman’s body, she may develop PCOD. In the women suffering from PCOD, the levels of oestrogen and progesterone comes down while the male hormones(or androgen) rises above the level. These conditions, thus, disrupt the menstrual cycle.


Causes of PCOD

Genetic reasons: Research states that one of the reason of a woman suffering from PCOD is due to genetics. It is said that it runs in the family. Atleast one of the family member suffer from PCOD.

Insulin resistance: It is one of the main causes of PCOD. Though nutrition is a major factor in decreasing insulin resistance, but there are other factors too which alleviates PCOD. Insulin resistance also makes it harder to lose weight and often makes women prey to diabetes.

Our body works like a machine and pumps out as much insulin as required by our body. But there comes a time, when our pancreas can no longer produce more insulin. From this point onwards, the blood sugar keeps on increasing and in turn, making us diabetic.

Inflammation: Chronic low-grade inflammation is a key contributor of PCOD. The root cause of inflammation in women with PCOD is still not clear.

Environment: Though the pathogenesis of PCOD remains unclear, still stressful environment conditions are considered to be one of the main reasons behind it.

Symptoms of PCOD

Irregular menstruation: Most of the women suffering from PCOD gets less than 7-8 periods a year. The lack of ovulation due to the imbalance in hormones prevents the uterine wall to shed the blood every month.

Heavy menstruation: Since, the uterine wall doesn’t shed the blood for months, women suffering from PCOD experiences heavier bleeding as compared to a healthy female.

Obesity: About 90% of women has been overweight due to PCOD. Both are interconnected to each other. If you gain weight, you’ll suffer more and if you lose weight, you’ll lead a normal life like any other human. It may seem to be simple. But it isn’t. The hormonal imbalance causes you to gain more weight.

Acne: High levels of androgen causes the breakdown of acne all over your face.

Infertility: Due to the lack of ovulation, the sperms cells are unable to fuse with the ovum. Thus, making it difficult for women to conceive.

Inappropriate male features: High levels of male hormones in the female body creates inappropriate male features like excessive growing of hair all over the body.

Hairfall: PCOD causes thicker hair on the body and face but at the same time, some of them experiences hair thinning and hair loss.

Depression: The link between PCOS and depression is very much clear according to studies. Insulin resistance, inflammation, obesity, acne, hormonal imbalance- all these adds up and contributes to increase stress, which in turn causes depression.

Dark patches: Many female suffering with PCOS has high levels of insulin in their blood. These higher levels of insulin causes dark patches on the back of the neck, under the arms and in the groin area.

Treatment of PCOD 

PCOS treatment mainly involves some lifestyle changes and medications. They are given below:

Perform physical exercise: Be active. Regular exercise helps you to lower your blood sugar level, which in turn help you lose your cravings. And when you stop munching every hour, you can lose weight or keep your weight under control. Perform physical exercises for about 20-30 minutes everyday. Even brisk walking, jogging, swimming helps you to lose weight.

Weight loss: Studies suggest that if you are suffering from PCOD and you have lost at least 10% of your body weight, you can bring back your periods to normalancy. It can, in turn, also help to reduce your risk of diabetes, heart diseases and PCOS complications.

Eat a healthy balanced diet: PCOS can make you crave for food more often. So, consult your dietician to make yourself a chart of healthy balanced diet. Eat snacks after every 2hours.

Medications: Consult your doctor before taking any medications. Now, buy treatment related products from the best online pharmacy in India.
Anti-diabetic medications: Metformin improves insulin resistance in patients suffering from PCOD.
Satin: They are very effective in reducing serum androgen levels and decreasing bad cholesterol (LDL). But they are not so effective in reducing insulin resistance.
Hair growth inhibitor: Take birth control pills which can lower androgen levels and thus, may reduce the excess hair growth.

Conclusion:

PCOS is one of the most common disorders seen in women. It carries a considerable long term health risk like diabetes, acne, etc. Patients suffering from PCOD must pay extra attention to their lifestyle changes. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle along with some medications may help you reduce the effects and aftereffects of PCOD.