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What is Acne- Types, causes and how to fight it ?

14 January, 2022 Anuja Sahi

One of the most unwanted things on skin one may never want to face is acne. Acne is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles get blocked with oil and dead skin cells. Acne may lead to whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples.

What is acne?

Acne is normally a common skin condition where the tiny pores of the skin, the point to notice here is that the tiny pores of the skin can be any part of the body either face, or other parts, gets blocked by an oily substance, bacteria and skin cells.

Due to these blockages blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and other types of pimples occur, and you are not alone to have pimples, many people in the world at sometimes in their lifetime suffer from acne. Either at the time of adolescent, girls at the starting of their puberty or boy’s when they reach their teenage usually gets pimple on their face.

Medical name for Acne

In medical terms used usually by dermatologist acne is known as Acne vulgaris that indicates the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, and other different types of pimples on the skin. The most affected areas from acne are skin, chest, shoulders, and back.

Mild acne can be cured by over-the-counter medications while the severe forms can be treated with consultation by dermatologist.

Causes of acne

While the occurrence of acne can be attributed to many different causes, however the main causes of acne are:

  • Excessive production of oil on the skin
  • Dead skin cells
  • Bacteria
  • Ingrown hairs
  • Hormones
  • Inflammation

Common triggers of acne

  • Hormonal Changes: The hormone named androgens increases when boys and girls reach the age of puberty. This causes sebaceous glands to enlarge and produce more sebum.
  • Use of certain medications: Use of certain drugs for medical conditions as well as drugs containing testosterone, lithium is likely to cause acne after their regular use. These medicine and creams are easily available at online pharmacy.
  • Diet- Spicy foods such chips, packed stuffs, and food containing carbohydrate- rich foods, such as bread, bagels may worsen acne.
  • Stress- Stress may not be the lone cause of acne or can actually cause acne but however can worsen it if you already have acne.

Myths related to acne

  • Chocolate and greasy foods cause acne: Eating sugary items or chocolate and greasy foods have little or no effect on acne.
  • Hygiene: Acne has more or less nothing to do with hygiene, infact rubbing your skin hard or using hard soaps for cleaning your skin can lead to hygiene. Harsh chemicals usually irritate the skin and can make worse case of acne.
  • Cosmetics: Cosmetics usually have nothing to do with acne. Especially in the case you are using oil- free makeup then the chances of getting acne is fewer than using cosmetics of more-oily makeup products.

Types of acne

  • Blackheads: Open bumps on the skin that fill with excess oil and dead skin. They appear as if dirt has deposited within the bump, however the dark spots are literally caused by associate degree irregular light-weight reflection off the clogged cyst.
  • Whiteheads: Bumps that stays closed by oil and dead skin. • Papules: Tiny red or pink bumps that become inflamed.
  • Pustules: Pimples containing pus. They appear like whiteheads enclosed by red rings. They will cause scarring if picked or damaged.
  • Fungal disease of the skin (pityrosporum folliculitis): This sort happens once associate degree way over yeast develops within the hair follicles. They will become restless and inflamed.
  • Nodules: Solid pimples that square measure deep in your skin. They're massive and painful.
  • Cysts: Pus-filled pimples. These will cause scars.

Acne to scars- Can acne can lead to scars?

Acne will typically end in scarring. It happens once the disease of the skin penetrates the skin and damages the deeper layers. Inflammation makes the disease of the skin pores swell and breakdown happens within the wall of the pore. Scarring will, of course, be a supply of hysteria that is traditional. However before it may be treated, your aid supplier can verify what style of disease of the skin caused the scars.

There are many obtainable treatment choices. Chemical peels, removal, optical maser resurfacing, microneedling and surgery will all be wont to treat disease of the skin scars.