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Heart Attack- Find out if your heart is healthy or not?

24 November, 2021 Anuja Sahi

A heart attack or a problem related to heart is a scary event. If you have had a heart attack or know someone who has such problems remember: that you are not alone. To survive, our heart muscle requires oxygen. When the blood supply to the heart muscle is substantially diminished or entirely cut off, a heart attack occurs.

The heart cannot acquire oxygen until blood is brought in. The cardiac muscle begins to die if it is not treated soon. However, if you receive prompt treatment, you may be able to avoid or limit heart muscle damage. A heart attack is usually a life-threatening medical emergency in which your heart muscles begins to die due to lack of blood flow. A blockage in the arteries supplying blood to your heart is the most common cause of heart attack. A person with heart problems especially who has ever faced heart attack must have someone around him/her to take care for with medicines on time.

Early signs of heart attack

  • Discomfort in chest: The most common symptom of a heart attack is pain in the centre of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes- or that goes away and comes back. The survivor can feel like a tightening, squeezing, fullness, or pain.

  • Shortness of breath, pain in the back or discomfort in shoulder, jaw, or neck.
  • Weakness, fatigue, or anxiety feeling
  • Uneven heartbeat

Risk factors related to heart failure

There is not a single major cause that can lead to your heart failure, various factors sometimes known while sometimes unknown lead to the cause of heart attack, let us know about them:

What actually happens during a heart attack?

When you have a heart attack, blood supply to a section of your heart drops significantly, causing that area of your heart muscle to die. When a section of your heart can not pump because it is not getting adequate blood flow, it might throw off the entire heart’s pumping pattern. Blood flow to the rest of your body is reduced or even stopped as a result, which can be fatal or life-threatening if not treated early

Causes of heart attack

A steady supply of oxygen-rich blood is required by our heart muscle. Your coronary arteries provide this vital blood supply to our heart. When a person is suffering from coronary artery disease, the arteries of the person gets narrow, preventing blood from flowing freely as it should. A heart attack, usually occurs when the blood supply is cut off.

Plaques are formed when fat, calcium, proteins, and inflammatory cells gets collected in our arteries. From outside, these plaque deposits are hard, but on the inside, they are soft and mushy.

Unwarned heart attack

Atherosclerosis is a silent killer with no symptoms. When a coronary artery narrows and restricts blood flow, other neighboring blood arteries that service the heart may grow to compensate, which could explain why no warning signals appear when someone has a heart attack.

Collateral circulation is a network of expanded adjacent blood arteries that can prevent certain people from heart attacks by supplying vital blood to the heart. After a heart attack, collateral circulation might develop to aid in the recovery of the heart muscle.

Conclusion

While we pray for the safety of everyone, however there are instances in life when situation is out of control and everything takes place so rapidly that we cannot even control one such situation is heart attack, in such cases we would like to inform our readers without getting panic contact the doctor immediately, or try supplementary oxygen till the medical help arrives.