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Types of neck injuries and their related disorders

23 November, 2021 Anuja Sahi

What is Neck Pain?

The vertebrae in our neck run from the top of our head to the bottom of our body. Our cervical discs act as shock absorbers between the bones of the neck. Our neck’s bones, ligaments, and muscles support our head and allow it to move. Neck discomfort or stiffness might be caused by any irregularities, inflammation, or injury caused during a course of physical activity.

Anyone of us can suffer from neck discomfort or stiffness on a regular basis. It’s often caused by bad posture or overuse or a same position of the neck for long. Neck pain can sometimes be caused by a fall, sports, or any other physical activities. Neck pain, for the most part, isn’t a major problem that can be resolved in a few spans of days. Neck pain, on the other hand, can sometimes symbolize a serious injury or sickness that necessitates medical attention.

We hardly think about our necks until they become tight, uncomfortable, or difficult to turn. When this occurs, we understand that the neck’s muscles, tendons, and bones allow us to move freely. When we have a sudden injury or even any problem in daily motion to our neck, such as a mild muscular strain, stiff neck, or a more serious cervical fracture, we need to pay quick attention to the pain and reduced movement.

Neck sprain

A neck sprain occurs when a ligament or muscle in the neck is stretched. A neck sprain can happen without causing any visible harm, but it can also be caused by a violent hit with an object. An impact may cause the neck to abruptly stretch beyond its typical range before snapping back. This is called as a whiplash injury. The most common types of impact that can induce a neck strain are rear-ending vehicle accidents, head jerking during park rides, or being kicked.

Possible causes of Neck pain

Arthritis, disc degeneration, spinal canal narrowing, muscular inflammation, strain, or trauma can all cause neck pain. It could be an indication of cancer ore meningitis in rare circumstances. A primary care physician and, in some cases, a specialist, such as a neurosurgeon, should be consulted to make an appropriate diagnosis and recommend therapy for serious neck disorders.

Rare infections such as TB of the neck, inflammation of the spine bones in the neck, and meningitis can also cause neck pain. However, the discomfort in the neck can also be caused due to illnesses that directly affect the muscles of the neck, as well as from sleeping with the head on a pillow in an unpleasant position. Neck pain is also known as cervical pain.

Steps to prevent from neck pain

The majority of neck pain is caused by a combination of poor posture, bad lifestyles and age-related wear and tear. Keep your head centred above your spine to avoid neck strain. Simple modifications to your everyday routine may be beneficial. You can adopt changes like:

  • Use straight and good posture: Make sure your shoulders are in a straight line over your hips and your ears are directly over your shoulders when standing or sitting.
  • Take breaks on equal intervals of time: If you work long hours on computer or have to travel for long time take frequent breaks from your sitting position and keep stretching your neck and shoulders.
  • Sleep in a better position: The position of your head and neck should be in line with the rest of your body. Underneath your neck, place a little pillow. To flatten your spinal muscles, sleep on your back with your thighs lifted on cushions.

Range of Neck pain

Neck pain can range from light and easily overlooked to agonizing and obstructing daily activities such as dressing, concentrating, or sleeping. Neck pain can lead to a type of stiffness and a reduction in range of motion.

  • Acute: Pain that remains for less than 4 weeks
  • Sub -acute: Pain that lasts from 1 month to 12 weeks
  • Chronic: The pain that has become permanent with the time and has lasted for more than 3 or more months.