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National Epilepsy Day- Know the causes, symptoms, and treatment

17 November, 2021 Anuja Sahi

Every year on November 17th, India commemorates National Epilepsy Day to raise awareness about epilepsy. ‘National Epilepsy Awareness Month’ is observed in November. The Epilepsy Foundation of India is commemorating National Epilepsy Day.

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological illness that causes seizures to occur repeatedly. A seizure is a rapid shift in behavior caused by a monetary change in the brain’s electrical functioning. The brain normally generates a regular sequence of small electrical impulses. Neurotransmitters, which are chemical messengers, carry these signals along neurons, the brain’s network of nerve cells, and throughout the rest of the body.

In most people, seizure induce changes in movement, behavior, feeling, or awareness, as well as loss of consciousness or conclusions, and last anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes. Seizures can happen to both children and adults. Epilepsy is not a mental condition or a sort of intellectual disability.

Introduction to Seizure

All voluntary and involuntary responses in the body are controlled and regulated by the brain. It is made up of nerve cells that communicate with one another via electrical activity.When part(s) of the brain get a burst of aberrant electrical signals, normal electrical brain activity is briefly disrupted and thus causes seizures.

Symptoms of Epilepsy

Most people associate epilepsy with convulsions, however epileptic seizures can cause a variety of symptoms; partial and generalized seizures are two types of seizures. Whole-body convulsions, staring into space and barely detectable muscular twitching are all possible symptoms. Each form of seizure has its own set of symptoms; the slides that follow will go through a few of these types of seizures and their symptoms.

Following factors may trigger seizures:

  • Sleep
  • Lack of sleep or fatigue
  • Alcohol use or drug abuse

Tips that you as a caregiver need to follow

  • Gentle and normal reminders: Epilepsy patients need to be reminded that they are different from rest of the world. They need to be gently reminded about their health requirements, medicines they need to take, take less tension, sleep well, and do yoga and exercise.
  • Treat them the same: Never treat an epileptic sufferer unfairly or with excessive sympathy. Epilepsy is another comorbidity that can be treated by a combination of lifestyle adjustments and medication assistance.
  • Practice healthy mind: A healthy mind is important for both caregiver and patient. Both of you are been advised practice yoga and mindfulness daily.
  • Take care of yourself: Caring for others requires a significant amount of time, resources, and energy, which can lead to burnout, weariness, irritability, and anxiety. Caregivers must practise self-care for their own overall well-being and happiness in addition to tending to the needs of persons with Epilepsy.

Diagnosis of the medical condition called Epilepsy

Epilepsy is diagnosed by a clinician based on symptoms, physical signs, and the findings of tests such as an electroencephalogram (EEG), computed tomography (CT or CAT scan), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (MRI).It is critical to correctly diagnose both the type of epilepsy and the type of seizures. Seizures are divided into numerous categories, the majority of which are linked to specific types of the condition.

How is epilepsy treated?

  • Anti-epileptic (anticonvulsant, antiseizure) pharmaceuticals: These meds can help you have fewer seizures. Seizures are no longer a problem for some people as it has completely finished from their life or controlled. . The medication must be taken exactly as directed in order to be successful to control it.
  • A vagus nerve stimulator: This is a device that is surgically implanted beneath the skin of the chest and stimulates the nerve that runs through your neck electrically. This may help in the prevention of seizures.
  • The region of the brain that generates seizure activity can be removed or altered through surgery.