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Differentiation and types of infections between Dengue, Malaria, or Corona

15 November, 2021 Anuja Sahi

With the arrival of monsoon, vector-borne diseases such as dengue and malaria on the rise, however this time these diseases and their cases are on rise in winter too. Adding more worries to it, Corona is baffled as to how to determine the source of the problem due to the identical symptoms of the three diseases. All three disorders cause fever, headaches, and exhaustion.

Dengue and malaria are vector-borne diseases carried by mosquito bites, and their prevalence increases during the monsoon season. However, some of the symptoms of these frequent monsoon or winter disorders are similar to those of Covid-19, novel Coronavirus. Here’s how to keep vigilant and distinguish between mosquito-borne malaria, dengue fever, and the highly dangerous Covid-19.

How Covid-19, Malaria and dengue spread?

Covid-19 is spread through the air and hence caused by other humans unlike dengue and Malaria, which are spread through mosquito bites. SARS-Cov-2 is mostly transmitted through respiratory droplets, which can be released while talking, sneezing, or coughing. Dengue fever, on the other hand, is caused by four distinct viruses and spreads when a person is bitten by by an infected female Anopheles mosquito."Aedes Aegypti). Malaria is contracted when a person is bitten by an infected female Anopheles mosquito.

Differences between dengue fever and Covid fever

While the dengue and covid-19 posses same symptoms, the most prevalent difference is the high fever, which occurs in both cases. Even though fever is a common sign of all types of infections (mild, moderate, or severe) the fever reported during novel corona virus is usually described as low or moderate in severity (maximum temperature of 102 degrees Fahrenheit) and well- managed with the use of OTC medicine paracetamol. When the fever lasts more than a week, the infection is considered severe or life-threatening.

Fever can reach dangerously high levels (up to 103-105 degrees Fahrenheit) and can be followed by other stress causing symptoms, necessitating through therapy to recover. According to some accounts, the current strain of dengue virus, DENV-2, is also known to induce more severe symptoms, including potentially fatally high fever.

The fever associated with a dengue infection can be constant and persistent, whereas the fever associated with COVID might come and go. As a result, the way your fever develops during an infection could indicate whether your symptoms are caused by dengue or Covid-19.

A common way of difference between malaria, dengue, and Covid-19

Covid-19 infections cause a loss of smell and taste, as well as heaviness in the chest, coughing, and breathing issues. The loss of taste and smell is a noticeable sign of Covid-19. Covid-19 is respiratory disease, shortness of breath, and painful chest pain that does not normally develop in patients suffering from malaria or dengue. Dengue fever , a pungent taste, fever, eye pain, and rashes are all symptoms of dengue. Malaria can induce a severe cold, a high fever, and excessive perspiration.

Ways to stay safe from dengue and Covid-19 and Dengue and Malaria

  • To stay safe from COVID- 19
    • Avoid crowd places
    • Maintain social distancing
    • Wear masks every time when you are out
    • Safety protocols are for your safety so follow them
  • To stay safe from Dengue and Malaria
    • Avoid standing water,
    • Use mosquito repellent while going outside,
    • And don't allow water build in buckets, plant pots, or anyplace else in your home because it serves as a mosquito breeding ground.
    • Finally, to enhance your immunity, eat home-cooked fresh meals with fruits and vegetables.

At last we would once again clear all the difference and confusion related to Dengue, Malaria, and Covid—19.

COVID-19, Malaria, and Dengue, on the other hand, are respiratory diseases that produce inflammation. They can cause fever, chills, cough, cold, sore throat, headache, fatigue, weakness, difficulty breathing, and myalgia, among other symptoms.

When a person is infected with dengue fever, they may experience severe headaches, joint and muscle pain, nausea, stomach ache, and diarrhea. Patients with dengue fever may experience respiratory difficulties, nose and mouth bleeding, and a drop in blood pressure, which can lead to shock.

Malaria can cause fever, headaches, and chills in those who are afflicted. If these early symptoms are not treated within 24 hours, the condition escalates to a serious sickness that can lead to death. Malaria infection in children can cause severe anaemia, respiratory distress due to metabolic acidosis, and brain malaria.