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All about Diabetes- A Guide to know everything about diabetes

09 October, 2021 Anuja Sahi

Diabetes is a medical condition in which your blood glucose, often known as blood sugar, is abnormally high. Your main source of energy is blood glucose, which comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, aids glucose absorption into cells for use as energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t produce enough or any- insulin, or it doesn’t use it properly. Glucose remains in your circulation and does not reach your cells as a result.

The cause of diabetes may vary, but diabetes will always lead to excess sugar in your blood. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are both chronic diabetic diseases. Prediabetes and gestational diabetes are two diabetes disorders that may be reversible. When your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be categorized as diabetes, you have prediabetes. And, unless adequate actions are taken to prevent progression, prediabetes is frequently the forerunner to diabetes. Gestational diabetes develops throughout pregnancy, although it may go away once the baby is born.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes are the three types of diabetes. While Type 1 and Type 2 are chronic form of diabetes, gestational diabetes occurs at the time of pregnancy.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (in which the body mistakenly fights itself) that prevents the body from producing insulin. Type 1 diabetes affects around 5-10% of people with diabetes. Type 1 diabetes symptoms might appear suddenly. It’s most commonly found in children, teenagers, and young adults. If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need insulin on a daily basis to stay alive. No one knows how to avoid type 1 diabetes yet.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent type of diabetes, and it occurs when your body does not correctly use insulin. While proper nutrition and exercise help some people maintain their blood sugar levels, others may require medication or insulin to do so. Whatever the case may be, you have options to treat it.

One of the most important resources for maintaining Type 2 diabetes is to get a maintained healthy diet. Improving type 2 diabetes is a process and you need to work in a well- mannered with patience to get a bit rid of it.

Symptoms and causes of diabetes

Having too much glucose circulating in your bloodstream is the cause of diabetes, regardless of the type of diabetes. The cause and explanation for your elevated blood glucose levels, however, varies depending on the type of diabetes you have.

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is related to immune system disease, the affected body from type 1 Diabetes attacks and destroys the cells producing insulin in the pancreas. A virus may also trigger an immune system attack.

Causes of prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes

Let us understand the causes of type 2 Diabetes step by step:

  • Insulin does not act as it should let your glucose into your cells because your body’s cells do not allow it
  • Insulin resistance has developed in your body cells
  • Your pancreas can not keep up with the demand for insulin and cannot produce enough to overcome the resistance
  • Glucose levels in the bloodstream grow.

Risk of health factors to develop after getting diabetes

High blood sugar causes problems like

Symptoms of diabetes, both Type 1 and Type 2

The rise in diabetes symptoms varies depending on how high your blood sugar is. Some patients, particularly those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not have any symptoms at all. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes tend to appear quickly and are more severe.

Some of the common symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are:

  • Increased thirst
  • Extreme hunger
  • Frequent loss of weight
  • Frequent urination or urge to urinate
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision

Which is the perfect time to visit your doctor for an examination?

Apart from examine yourself on the basis of the above-given symptoms, there are other few changes which you need to be aware of and visit your doctor to check your sugar level.

If you notice any undefined tiredness, or temptation to urine, or have a family history you need to be aware all the time and visit your doctor from time to time to keep check of your sugar level.