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Depression - Know the signs and symptoms for care

07 October, 2021 Anuja Sahi

What is Depression?

Feeling down is a natural part of life, but when emotions like hopelessness and despair take hold and refuse to go, you may be suffering from depression. Depression affects how you think, feel, and function in daily tasks, and it’s more than just grief in response to life’s challenges and failures. Depression can make your life difficult as it hinders your work, study, sleep, or life. It can be difficult just to get through the day.

Low mood and loss of interest in activities are the two “core” symptoms of depression. People may also notice changes in appetite, difficulty sleeping, exhaustion, feelings of guilt, difficulty focusing, or thoughts of death.

What happens in depression?

Depression is a mood condition that causes sadness, irritability, and helplessness. It may have an impact on your sleep, appetite, and interpersonal connections. Depression might make you lose interest in hobbies or activities that you used to like. Depression can lead to suicidal thoughts in severe circumstances.

People suffering from depression often feel low mood and it remains consistent, while on the other depression also causes frequent change in mood, sometimes depressive people feel very calm and happy, while the next time they feel themselves alone, and sad without any reason.

Types of depression

The signs and symptoms of serious depression differ from person to person. Your doctor may add one or more specifiers to your diagnosis to help you understand the sort of depression you have. If you have a specifier, it suggests you have depression with specific characteristics such as:

  • Anxious distress: Despair accompanied by unusual restlessness or anxiety about upcoming events or a sense of lack of control.
  • Mixed Features: The symptoms of depression and mania are higher self-esteem, excessive speech, and increased energy.
  • Melancholic features: Severe depression linked with early morning wakeup, proper mood in the morning, considerable changes in appetite, or sluggishness, and feelings of guilt, or agitation
  • Atypical features: Increased hunger or weight gain, tiredness or excessive sleep, noticeable weariness or weakness, moods that are intensely reactive to environmental factors, and feeling extremely sensitive to rejection are all indications of atypical depression, a subtype of severe depression or dysthymic disorder.
  • Peripartum onset: Depression that develops during pregnancy or in the weeks or months following childbirth (postpartum).

Symptoms of depression

The symptoms of depression include:

  • Depressed mood almost the whole day
  • Loss of sexual desire
  • Oversleeping or lack of sleep
  • Loss of energy or fatigue feeling all the time
  • Feeling of guilt

Difference between depression and bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, often known as manic depression, is characterised by significant moos, energy, mental, and behavioral changes. Because it looks so much like depression when it’s at its worst, it is frequently missed and misdiagnosed. However, this can lead to a serious disorder as taking antidepressants for bipolar disorder can cause a much worse condition.

Depression on the other hand entails more than just a sensation of sadness. It’s a deep grief or emptiness that you can’t seem to get rid of. You may feel hopeless, insignificant, and restless. You may lose interest in activities that you formerly enjoyed.

Depression and suicide risk

Suicide is linked to depression, which is a major risk factor. Suicide may seem like the only way to get rid of the suffering in the face of deep despair and hopelessness. If you have a loved one who is depressed, any suicide talk or behavior should be taken seriously, and you should be aware of the following warning signs:

  • Discussing or talking about suicide
  • Trying to fixed even the most worst relationship ties
  • Acting irresponsible (like skipping meals, driving or crossing road recklessly)
  • Repeating words like” everyone is better than me”

Caring for people suffering from depression

As a partner, friend, or caregiver, caring for and supporting someone who is depressed can be difficult and overwhelming. Some of the tips for caring about people suffering from depression are:

  • Encourage Treatment
  • Try to listen and understand what they are saying, be compassionate about them
  • Help them to live their life happily, spend time with them, and help them to involve in their favorite activities
  • Talk to them and excite them regarding their future, seek medical assistance for them.