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World Heart Day 2021 - Read some Facts related to heart Day

29 September, 2021 Anuja Sahi

Heart diseases are one of the many risk factors claiming many lives in a year. To establish the importance and to create awareness among the masses, World Heart Day is celebrated on the 29th of September every year.

World Heart Day is not only celebrated to mark a single heart-related problem, it is celebrated to discuss the several heart-related diseases and complications.

History of World Heart Day

World Heart Day was launched in the year 2000 by the World Heart Federation, to mark the occasion as an annual event, to be celebrated every year on the last Sunday of September. However; later it was decided to celebrate the day on 29th of September every year.

Since the inception of the day dedicated to the heart, the day is widely celebrated to promote awareness about heart-related complications like heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and other cardiovascular-related diseases. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Every year, an estimated 17 million individuals die from cardiovascular disease. The leading causes of death were coronary heart disease and strokes. CVD is commonly misunderstood to affect more people in industrialized countries, where people are more reliant on technology and live sedentary lives. However, more than 80% of deaths occur in middle- and low-income countries. Fortunately, the main causes of cardiovascular diseases, such as a lack of exercise, smoking, and a bad diet, are all changeable.

Types of heart diseases:

  • Coronary Artery Disease: The most prevalent heart condition is coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary arteries of a human being -the vessels that feed blood to your heart- may become blocked as a result of CAD. This can cause a reduction or decrease in blood flow to your heart muscle, preventing it from receiving the oxygen it requires. Atherosclerosis, also known as artery hardening, is the most common cause of the disease.
    Coronary heart disease can cause angina, or chest pain, or it can lead to a heart attack.

    Some common risk factors associated with Coronary Artery Disease are:

    • Age, for men the risk goes higher after 55 years, and for women after menopause
    • Being Inactive
    • Diabetes
    • Someone in the family having heart-related problems, family history
    • Obesity, High blood pressure
  • Congenital heart defects: A person born with a congenital heart defect has a cardiac issue from birth. Congenital cardiac problems come in a variety of forms, including
    • A typical heart valves: Valves that do not open properly or leak blood are known as atypical heart valves
    • A hole in the wall between the lower and upper chambers of the heart is known as a septal defect.
    • Atresia is a condition in which one of the heart valves is absent
    • Congenital heart disease can cause serious anatomical defects, such as the absence of a ventricle or abnormal connections between the heart’s main arteries.
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse: This occurs when the mitral valve’s flaps do not seal properly. Rather, they protrude into the left atrium. This can cause a heart murmur. Mitral valve prolapse is normally not life-threatening, however, it does require treatment in some cases.

    Symptoms of heart disease

    • Fever
    • Shortness of breath
    • Swelling in your legs or abdomen
    • Dry or persistent cough  
    • Unusual spots

Diagnosis of heart disease

  • Physical exams and blood tests: Your doctor will begin by performing a physical examination and taking a detailed account of your symptoms. Then they'll want to hear about your family's medical history as well as your own. In some heart conditions, genetics may play a role. Share this information with your doctor if you have a close relative who has heart disease.
    Blood tests are commonly requested. This is due to the fact that they can assist your doctor in determining your cholesterol levels and identifying indicators of inflammation.
  • ECG: An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a painless and rapid examination that monitors the electrical signals in your heart. It can detect irregular cardiac rhythms. An ECG can be performed while you're at rest or while you're exercising (stress electrocardiogram).
  • CT scan, Heart MRI, are also advised to get a detailed view of your heart.
  • Holter monitor: is a device that records heartbeats. You may be asked to wear this heart rate monitor for 24 to 48 hours by your doctor. It enables them to gain a more comprehensive picture of your heart's activities.