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World PCOS month- Know about PCOS and its prevention

14 September, 2021 Anuja Sahi

PCOS, or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, is a prevalent hormone disease in women and the main cause of female infertility. September is recognized as PCOS Awareness Month, celebrated every year to spread awareness related to the symptoms and prevention of PCOS.

PCOS is one of the most underdiagnosed disorders in the world, with only around a quarter of women diagnosed with the condition. As per the reports of WomensHealth.gov, PCOS affects 10% of women of childbearing age. The PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) awareness month begins on September 1st, with the PCOS Challenge: The National Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Association hosting the ‘World PCOS Day of Unity’ event this year.

What is PCOS?

PCOS is a condition in which the ovaries create an excessive amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are normally present in small amounts in women. However; the exact causes of PCOS are still unknown, the effects of PCOS and its consequences on a woman’s fertility are clearly explained. PCOS is a significant genetic, hormone, metabolic, and reproductive disorder affecting both women and girls. It is one of the major causes of female infertility and a risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and endometrial cancer, among other serious illnesses.

PCOS is caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors, and the number of persons affected has increased significantly in the last 7-8 years, making it a very prevalent gynecological disease in the modern world. PCOS affects 3-4 women out of every 10 women, depending on heredity.

Diagnosis-related to PCOS

To make it very clear, a cure for PCOS does not exist, however, it can be managed through proper diet or medication, still, if conception does not occur, then women are advised to seek fertility treatment that is helpful.

There is no definite test to diagnose PCOS. Your doctor can make queries related to your medical history, including your menstrual cycles and weight fluctuations. Excessive hair growth, insulin resistance, and acne will all be thoroughly checked during a physical checkup.

Diagnosis/Test recommended to you by doctor

  • Pelvic Exam: The doctor examines your reproductive organs visually and manually for masses, growths, or other abnormalities.
  • An ultrasound: Your doctor examines the appearance of your ovaries as well as the thickness of the uterine lining. In your vaginal canal, a wand-like device is inserted (transvaginal ultrasound). Sound waves are emitted by the transducer, which is translated or can be seen into visuals on a computer screen.
  • Blood Tests: Hormone levels may be measured by analyzing your blood. This test can rule out the possibility of PCOS-like menstrual irregularities or the excess of androgen. Additional blood tests may be performed to assess glucose tolerance as well as fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Mental health & PCOS

Women configured with PCOS are more likely to be affected by depression and anxiety. The symptoms of PCOS can negatively affect mood, self-confidence, and body image.

A healthy lifestyle- eating a good diet, being as active as possible, and maintaining a healthy weight- has been proved to be one of the most successful techniques for managing symptoms of PCOS. Reduced or bad mental and emotional health, on the other hand, might make it harder to look after yourself, live a healthy lifestyle, and make the best health decisions.

The help of Yoga Asanas to check control of PCOS

Not only medicines, but yoga too can help you control PCOS. Let us know about some of the simple yoga asanas that can help us to keep PCOS in control.

  • Malasana (Garland Pose): This asana can help you strengthen your pelvic floor and abdominal core, allowing the hips to open. It is helpful for women with PCOS symptoms as it helps in increasing circulation and blood flow to the pelvic area. And thus improving metabolism, and aiding digestion.
  • Setubandhasana (Bridge Pose): It improves blood circulation, by gently massaging the internal organs, thus it strengthens the pelvic area, making it one of the most important and beneficial asanas in PCOS.
  • Bhujangasana (Cobra asana): This asana regulates the menstrual cycle, at the same time improves fertility by increasing blood circulation in the pelvic region.

Important aspects of PCOS month

Advocacy is a crucial element of PCOS Awareness Month. This month allows all of us a platform to join the dialogue, whether it's by sharing your own fertility journey or by supporting other women dealing with PCOS. This month is dedicated to raising awareness, educating the public, and fighting PCOS by sharing personal stories to help spread the word about polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a disorder that affects over 100 million women worldwide, according to the World Health Organization.

Let us wrap with a valid conclusion

Those having PCOS are not different, and must not be considered a part outside the society. Even though we are living in a modern era, we are surrounded by people who believe infertility or the inability to give birth to a child is a curse by the almighty, but however; these are medical symptoms and can happen to anyone in the family, or society. Instead of making them feel that they are being punished for having PCOS symptoms, we need to support such women, encourage them, and then only we can consider that in a true sense we are celebrating the month of PCOS.