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World Hepatitis Day-july 28. Symptoms, Prevention & vaccines

28 July, 2021 Piyush

Amidst the onset of covid-19, and while the world is facing the wrath of the coronavirus, there are other medical conditions too which need to be looked upon. We simply can’t beat a blind eye to one another disease, caused due to a virus and has been battering many people throughout the world.

Hepatitis is a virus-borne disease that is highly contagious. Hepatitis disease is caused by five different viruses, by the name of Hepatitis A virus (HAV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Hepatitis D virus (HDV), and Hepatitis E virus (HEV). World Hepatitis Day is observed on 28 July every year to spread awareness about hepatitis disease.

What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is a viral infection that pre-dominantly attacks the liver and turns out to be chronic for some patients and has fatal consequences for them. There exist five different types of infections of hepatitis (Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D, Hepatitis E) caused by five different variants of the hepatitis virus.

Since its discovery in 1967, Hepatitis has spread its legs across the globe and has infected many people throughout the population. Therefore it becomes of utmost importance to spread awareness about the same and make people aware of this deadly infection and the consequences it can incur upon a person.

World Hepatitis Day is observed on 28 July every year to mark the birthday of Dr Baruch Blumberg, who discovered the hepatitis virus in 1967 and was felicitated with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1976 for developing the first hepatitis B vaccine in 1969. The theme for world hepatitis day 2021 is Hepatitis can’t wait.

Symptoms of Hepatitis

Owing to the prevalence and the spread of Hepatitis across the globe, it becomes of utmost priority to be aware of the symptoms of the infection so that any person suffering from such symptoms can get in action quickly.

  • Hepatitis A
    • Fatigue
    • Nausea
    • Abdominal Pain
    • Loss of appetite
    • Low-grade fever
  • Hepatitis B
    • Yellowing of the eyes
    • Abdominal pain
    • Dark urine
    • Fatigue
  • Hepatitis C
    • Yellow skin and eyes
    • Fatigue
    • Nausea
    • Loss of appetite
  • Hepatitis D
    • Fatigue
    • Nausea
    • Abdominal Pain
  • Hepatitis E
    • Jaundice
    • Lack of appetite
    • Nausea

The different variants of the hepatitis virus and subsequent infection show different symptoms and need to be diagnosed early into the disease to prevent further complications.

Mode of spread

With the extent of how contagious hepatitis is, one needs to be double sure of not contracting the virus and take proper precautions by knowing as to how the infection carrier virus spreads.

The hepatitis virus, even if ingested in microbial amounts, can prove to be harmful and in many cases, even fatal to the patient. One is at risk of contracting the virus by eating contaminated food, having sexual contact with an infected person, by using the same infected needles of an infected person.

All of the above steps need to be remembered and taken care of as part of precautions against the deadly infection and keep the disease at bay.

Prevention

The symptoms of hepatitis infection are enough to illustrate that no one would ever want to go through something like this. Also, the advancement in medical technology has made it possible for the common man to know about the ill effects of hepatitis infection so as the person can take due precautions to save themselves from the disease.

The best and the most practical way to prevent contracting the virus is by getting vaccinated. The vaccines for most of the hepatitis variants are available in the market, and one must not delay in getting their shot to prevent getting infected. The parents of newborns are also suggested to get their infants vaccinated against the hepatitis infection to ensure the prevention of getting the infection. It is also said that the earlier a person gets the infection, the more are the chances for them to turn the infection into a chronic one that lasts lifelong.

Another way of preventing the infection is by assuming healthy responsibilities and avoiding risky behaviors such as sharing needles and consuming excessive alcohol.

List of some vaccines used against Hepatitis virus are:-

Footnotes

Since we now know how harmful the hepatitis virus can be, a wise decision in regard to not contracting the disease is to take all the aforementioned precautions and keep yourself and your family at bay from getting infected with this deadly virus.