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What is Chikungunya virus- Symptoms and Preventions

21 July, 2021 Piyush

In the era we live in, the human age is circumscribed by a lot of modern-day problems. Some of them which we can see and resolve, but some are invisible to the eye and difficult to solve. The problems falling in the latter category often create lasting problems for people and leaves best of the technologies and techniques struggling for remedies.

For an instance, let us talk of diseases caused by viruses. Viruses are termed as the minute, microscopic infectious agents that survive by replicating themselves into a number of copies inside a host cell. The condition is that they require a living host body in order for themselves to survive and sustain themselves. While getting hold of a living host body is good for the virus, it causes a lot of problems for the host body as these viruses along with them bring a lot of trouble to the host body, in the form of diseases.

Dengue, Malaria, Zika, Chikungunya and the latest entrant, Corona, all of these diseases, deadly to the humans, are caused by viruses that enter the human body and make a place for their survival, giving severe illness to the host body in return.

About Chikungunya

Chikungunya, as a disease is spread by the action of chikungunya virus in the body. Aedes mosquitoes act as the carriers for chikungunya virus and a person, once bitten by such one virus carrying mosquito, get’s infected by the Chikungunya disease.

The Aedes mosquitoes are often active during the daytime and contact with such mosquitoes should be avoided at any cost by wearing fully covering clothes, using mosquito repellents and similar techniques to prevent the action of such mosquitoes.

How the virus affects the body?

Chikungunya virus is an RNA (Ribonucleic acid) virus, which works by acting upon the RNA of the host body and multiplying itself to make numerous copies for it’s sustenance in the body. Despite of numerous outbreaks of Chikungunya epidemics across the world, concrete information is still missing about the mechanism of the virus within the human body.

Of all the evidence available, it is established that the virus enters a human body after being bitten by a chikungunya virus carrying Aedes mosquito. After the introduction of the virus in the body, the chikungunya virus replicates by acting upon the epithelial and endothelial cells.

Symptoms of Chikungunya

Chikungunya, as a disease does not has distinct symptoms and most of its symptoms are similar to those of Dengue, Malaria, and Zika. Let us talk of the symptoms of chikungunya in brief:

  • It takes around 3-7 days after the introduction of the virus in your body that the first of the symptoms show up.
  • Initial symptoms of the chikungunya virus include high fever (102-104 Fahrenheit) and sudden joint pains.
  • As the virus progresses and multiplies, other symptoms such as headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and rashes begin to show up.
  • Usually, the chikungunya viral disease takes around 10-12 days after it starts decreasing the effects on the host body, the symptoms however may last for long.
  • It has been noticed in several patients that symptoms such as joint pains and muscle pains last for long periods ranging from a couple of months to even years.

Prevention

Getting infected by chikungunya is one thing, but not taking enough precautions is another recipe for disaster. Proper and timely precautions can prevent the possibility of getting bit by an infected aedes mosquito and catching the chikungunya virus. Some of the ways to prevent getting infected are:

  • Avoid contact with mosquitoes: Prevent any and all contact with mosquitoes, which can be done by using medically approved mosquito repellents on your body and your surroundings.
  • Avoid leaving exposed skin to mosquitoes: Chikungunya can be effectively prevented by avoiding any surface on the skin exposed to the mosquitoes to bite upon. Wearing full sleeves clothes and full pants may serve the cause well and save from the infection.
  • Avoid water accumulation in surroundings: All of the Aedes mosquitoes breed and lay eggs in stagnant water. Any toys, pots, tires kept in the open can get water accumulated in them and mosquitoes can lay eggs in it, which has to be prevented to avoid chikungunya.

Bottom line

It is quite evident about the causes and symptoms of chikungunya and is dearly evident that no one may want to interact with anything of the order of displeasure chikungunya provides. So, a wise and better decision shall be keeping the methods to prevent chikungunya in mind and ensuring that you and your loved ones keep safe from this disease.

Stay healthy!