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Diabetes: Types, Preventions & Medications

08 July, 2021 Piyush

Counting upon the number of diseases the human body can be exposed to, Diabetes is the one which takes the lead to have infested the maximum number of people here on the Earth. Across the length and breadth of the globe, we don’t have a place untouched by this disease. First we should talk about as to what is diabetes!? Diabetes is the condition in which either the pancreas fails to build enough insulin, or when the body can’t process the insulin produced by the pancreas. All of this result in unacceptable increase in the blood sugar level, which stands highly risky for some of the vital body organs such as kidney, eyes and the likes. Talking of some numbers about diabetes, they’re frightening to say the least:

  • Around 42.5 Crore people stand affected by diabetes, worldwide!
  • Talking about India, there are about 4 Crore patients of diabetes in India alone.
  • In 2019, an estimated 1.5 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Another 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose in 2012.

Types of Diabetes

Prominently, there exists 2 types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

Both of the diabetic types stand disillusioned from the masses as far as the efforts to prevent the same are concerned. To know about both the types of diabetes and how to cure them, let us talk about each of them in detail:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: The type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes. Type 1 diabetic patients need daily administration of insulin by injection as their pancreas does not process enough of insulin required to regulate their blood glucose level. It still remains unknown to the medical fraternity that what is the cause of and how to prevent type 1 diabetes.
    The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include excessive tendency to urinate, excessive thirst, constantly feeling hungry, losing weight rapidly, rapidly changing eye sight and feeling exhausted through out the day.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes, also known as non insulin dependent diabetes, is a cause of the self neglect of the body more often. Due to the ineffective use of insulin produced by the pancreas, the problem of type 2 diabetes arises. The most common cause behind the type 2 diabetes is unhealthy lifestyle, excess body weight and high periods of inactivity.
    The most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:
    • Excessive urination
    • Excessive thirst
    • Hunger pangs
    • Rapid weight loss

Although the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are alike, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes take a while to arrive, and so much so that it might be so late that early complications may have shown up.

Impact of diabetes on health

As it is quite evident till the moment, diabetes does not has all the good impacts on our body. Rather, it is a slow decay of the body, giving way to more and more of glucose which our body is unable to handle with time. Diabetes gives rise to a number of risk factors which loom over the patient’s head each and every moment. Let us discuss about some of them below:

  • Diabetes gives rise to a three fold increased tendency of heart attacks in adults, due to increased glucose activity in the blood.
  • Diabetes is one of the major causes of kidney failures in the world. Due to high activity of unprocessed glucose in the body, the kidney is overburdened and risk of kidney failure increases exponentially.
  • Due to the accumulation of large number of damaged blood vessels in the retina of the eye, diabetes can become a cause of permanent blindness in the patients.

Ways to prevent diabetes

While there are many serious implications of diabetes, we don’t need to be worried about it as a ghost hovering over our heads. Rather, there are certain subtle changes in our daily lifestyle which can be incorporated in order to prevent the onset of diabetes. Let us see some of them:

  • Maintain a healthy body weight:One of the best methods to prevent the onset of diabetes is to maintain a healthy body mass index, it goes a long way in preventing diabetes.
  • Increase physical activity: More frequent exercises and increased physical activities can boost up your metabolism and keep your body weight in check, thus reducing the chances of getting diabetic.
  • Reduce the intake of alcohol and tobacco: Smoking and increased intake of alcohol increases the risk of diabetes and cardio vascular diseases manifolds, thus more the distance from alcohol, more the better.

Most common medications for Diabetes

All thanks to the advancements in the medical industry, there are a number of medicines available on the shelf to regulate diabetes and minimize it’s complications to the minimum. It is not at all recommended to take these medicines without being prescribed by a doctor to do so. All of the medicines for diabetes need to be taken as per the schedule prescribed by the doctor for the best results! The most common medicines prescribed to patients of diabetes are Januvia 100Mg, Lupinac Tablet, Okamet, Ondero 5Mg, Intaglip M Oxra, Verifica M.

Footnote

While Diabetes is becoming a global problem these days, but as we have discussed there are simple ways to maintain a distance with diabetes, there is nothing much to worry about. Keeping your body in the perfect shape, not physically, but mentally too, makes sure that you stay put at a safe distance from diabetes and save yourself and your near and dear ones from a lot of trouble. With this, keep yourself safe and stay healthy!