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Panic Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

03 June, 2021 Ayesha Sana

Sudden uncontrollable fear or anxiety is known as panic. There must have been a number of situations in everyone’s life where they find their heart beats getting faster, body going numb, you often feel like to somehow completely vanish and escape the situation, this is the feeling of anxiety. Increased anxiety and fear lead to panic attacks. Its normal to get feel scared, nervous and anxious in some tense situations, but extreme uncontrolled anxiety is often a rmedicinesesult of panic disorder. It occurs with reoccurring panic attacks.

During a panic attack you may even feel like you are about to get a heart attack or maybe even going to die. Though panic attacks are not life threatening and a person may experience it once or twice in his/her lifetime. But frequent panic attacks are indeed harmful and proper diagnosis followed by proper treatment must be taken.

CAUSES:

It is clear that anxiety causes panic disorder. But the question is what causes anxiety? Is it in your genes? Is it hereditary? Or is it instantaneous?

Well, there are multiple reasons as for why a person may have panic disorder. Though the root cause of panic disorder is not clearly known yet, we still can figure some of the major causes. They are:

  • Biological or Genetic Causes: Females are bound to have increased liability to panic disorders. Having parents who already have a history of panic disorder, bipolar, depression or anxiety increases a person’s chances of having panic disorder.
  • Environmental Causes:
  • Biological or Genetic Causes: Anxiety sensitivity is highly affected by parental influence, childhood memories, life experiences and observations. Various psychosocial causes include physical, mental, sexual and emotional abuse, trauma, losses, physical illness etc.
  • Mental Conditions: Other mental conditions include bipolar disorder, withdrawal symptoms, drugs,depression etc.
  • Other factors: Certain external as well as internal factors also affect the liability of panic disorder like social isolation, phobias, nervousness, changes in one’s lifestyle, personal losses etc.

SYMPTOMS:

Panic attacks can occur anywhere, anytime. They peak for the first ten minutes and then tend to cease, but in certain people it tends to have longer effects. The major and common symptoms are:

  • Derealization (sensation of getting detached from your surroundings)
  • Depersonalization(sensation of getting detached from your own body)
  • Excessive sweating and tiredness
  • Frequent fear of dying
  • Fear of losing your control or going crazy
  • Feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded and faint
  • Feeling of choking and breathlessness
  • Feelings of numbness or maybe tingling sensations
  • Heart palpitations or a highly increased heart rate
  • Feeling of nausea or abdominal pain
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Getting chills
  • Pain in the chest

It's essential to have a total clinical assessment. What may give off an impression of being a panic disorder could be a clinical sickness, like thyroid or other hormonal infections, heart issue, seizures or different ailments that current themselves as panic disorder.

TREATMENT:

The treatment basically focuses on reducing the symptoms. It will help in improving your daily life functions. The main treatments are medication and psychotherapy.

  • Medication: Medicines used to treat panic disorders can incorporate particular serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a class of energizers. SSRIs recommended for panic disorder may include:

    1.fluoxetine
    2.Paroxetine
    3.sertraline

    Different drugs now and again used to treat the panic disorder include:

    Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), another class of upper Antiseizure drugs

    Benzodiazepines (generally utilized as sedatives), including diazepam or clonazepam

    Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), another kind of medication that is utilized inconsistently due to uncommon yet serious after effects.

    In the event that one drug doesn't function admirably for you, your primary care physician may prescribe changing to another or consolidating certain prescriptions to help viability. Remember that it can require a little while after initially beginning a medicine to see an improvement in manifestations.

    All prescriptions have a danger of results, and some may not be suggested in specific circumstances, like pregnancy. Talk with your doctor about conceivable results and dangers.

  • Psychotherapy: It can include several approaches. Like:
    1.Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
    2.Exposure Therapy
    3.Panic focused psychodynamic psychotherapy

    It helps in growing better approaches for speculation and acting that can help an individual adapt to their indications.

  • Home remedies:
    1.Best way is to strictly follow your plan of treatment and make desired changes in your lifestyle. You can also join some support groups for the same.
    2.Try staying away from harmful drugs, tobacco, alcohol etc. Practice daily mediation for at least fifteen minutes a day.
    3.Prioritize your sleep and get a good sleep cycle and be physically active by keeping yourself busy.
    4.Practice relaxation
    5.Maintain a journal
    6.Talk to your friends in case of any problems and issues
    7.Seek help from family and friends

 

Nervousness can influence individuals in an unexpected way, yet when it meddles with regular movement, it is viewed as hazardous and characteristic of a mental or psychological well-being issue.

In the event that you are having issues with anxiety or uneasiness that are meddling with your ordinary working, recollect that you are in good company.

Converse with your essential medical care supplier to discover your alternatives and utilize the tips to teach yourself about your condition and the indications you are encountering.

Keep in mind, information is power, and regardless of whether it appears as though things are extreme at this moment, with the legitimate treatment plan set up, things will improve.

On the off chance that your anxiety or fear is getting unmanageable and you are having self-destructive tendencies, if it's not too much trouble, contact your neighbourhood emergency line.

Panic disorder can incredibly affect an individual's personal satisfaction, restricting your life, and making you pass up numerous things, including anything past your entryway. All things considered, there are numerous viable medicines and procedures which can assist individuals with panic disorder. You can figure out how to deal with the indications of anxiety and panic disorder and recover authority over your life.

Believe in yourself, things will for sure improve.