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Blood Cancer: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment in India

11 July, 2020 Sreyasi

Cancer has been one of the leading reasons for deaths worldwide and blood cancer is a widely prevalent type of cancer. Most of the functions and productions of blood cells are affected by blood cancer. It is seen that most of the cancers begin from the place where blood is produced i.e. bone marrow.

In this case, the process of development of normal blood cells is disrupted by the growth of an abnormal type of cell. These cancerous blood cells stop your blood from performing their primary functions like preventing blood loss, fighting against infections, etc.

Types of Hematologic Malignancies :


It  is caused due to rapid production of abnormal white blood cells and is classified by the type of white blood cell affected: myeloid or lymphatic. It is further classified as acute or chronic. This high production of white blood cells is ineligible to fight infection. Further, it also damages the bone marrow’s ability to produce red blood cells and platelets. These patients are highly susceptible to infections.


It is a type of blood cancer of the lymphatic system. This system aids in removing excess fluids from the body and helps in producing immune cells. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells that protect the body against any kind of infections. Abnormal lymphocytes are what turn to lymphoma cells. This multiplies and collects in the lymph nodes and other issues. Over time, these cancerous cells impair the immune system.


In this form of blood cancer, the plasma cells get affected. These cells are white blood cells that produce antibodies in the body to fight off diseases and infections. Myeloma cells disrupt the regular production of antibodies in the body, thus making your immune system weak and more prone to infections and diseases.

Stages of Blood Cancer

Blood cancer is divided into four stages depending on the spread and impact of the medical condition. Read about early symptoms and stages of cancer to understand the detailed situation.

Stage 1: In the first stage, the lymph nodes gain size due to the sudden rise in the number of lymphocytes. As the disease is yet to spread to other parts of the body, the risk factor is low.

Stage 2: In this stage, the lymph nodes, spleen and liver show an excessive inflation in size. The stage is also characterised by an uncontrolled growth of lymphocytes.

Stage 3: Herein, the cancer is spread to at least two of the organs involved – lymph nodes, spleen and liver – and the risk factor surges higher.

Stage 4: The production of blood platelets dwindles rapidly, cancer spreads to other organs, including lungs, and anaemia becomes acute. The risk factor reaches criticality at this stage.

Signs and symptoms

Blood cancer is a type of malignancy which affects the blood, bone marrow, or lymphatic system. Some of the common blood cancer symptoms include:

• Weakness, Fatigue, and Malaise

• Shortness of breath

• Minimal body strain results in bone fractures

• Excessive or easy bruising

• Bleeding gums

• Recurrent infections or fever

• Sweating of body during night

• Weight loss

• Frequent vomiting sensations

• Anorexia

• Lymph node (gland) enlargement

• Lumps or abdominal distension due to enlarged abdominal organs

• Abdominal pain, Bone pain and Back pain

• Delirium and confusion

• Abnormal bleeding in gums nose and cuts, which will lead to platelet reduction

• Headaches along with visual difficulties

• Occurrence of fine rashes on dark spots

• Decreased urination and difficulty while urinating

Causes of Blood Cancer

Although the specific cause of blood cancer is unknown, various factors are associated with its onset. Some causes are:

• Aging

• Family history

• Weak immune system

• Certain infections

Treatment for Blood Cancer:

Treatment for blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, your age, how fast the cancer is progression:

Stem cell transplantation: A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Stem cells may be collected from the bone marrow, circulating blood and umbilical cord blood.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses anticancer drugs to interfere with and stop the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer sometimes involves giving several drugs together in a set regimen.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.


Blood cancer is a deadly disease but it can be treated as soon as possible, with proper care and doctor's prescriptions one can fight through Blood Cancer, becoming a survivor. For consultation visit 3MEDS, supplier of cancer and anti cancer medication.