Asthma

28 April, 2021 Pallabi Sen

Breathing is an essential process for every living being on this earth. Normal breathing is usually effortless for most people, but it becomes challenging for a person suffering from asthma. During an asthma attack, the breathing speeds up making one feel out of breath. According to the research conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention around the globe, over 300 million patients are suffering from asthma and around 250,000 people die each year because of it. It's the most common growing chronic childhood disease with no proper cure yet. Today we will discuss "Asthma" in this blog.

WHAT IS ASTHMA?

Asthma is a long term chronic condition that affects the airways making it difficult for one to breathe. It affects our respiratory system particularly the first split and the smaller branches of the trachea called bronchi and bronchioles. These bronchi and bronchioles are consists of inner linings known as mucosa. The mucosa is then surrounded by a layer of smooth muscles. This chronic condition causes swelling and inflammation of the bronchial tubes which makes them hyper-responsive to certain triggers.

Some of the common asthma triggers include tobacco smoke, pollution in the air, dust, pests, exercise, fragrances, stress, cold weather and even a common cold.

HOW DOES AN ASTHMA ATTACK OCCUR?

An asthma attack all starts with a cough and wheeze soon the muscles around the airways tightens making it difficult for the air to flow freely in and out of the lungs. When an asthmatic person is exposed to the triggers mentioned above the smooth rings of muscle around the small airways in the lungs contracts and become narrow. Due to the narrowing of the airways, the triggers worsen the process of inflammation by causing swelling in the mucosal lining as well as by increasing mucus production. The increase in the production of mucus can be life-threatening because usually, in normal conditions our body uses this mucus as a trapping agent or as a filter to clear particles, like dust or pollen. Whereas, during an asthma attack the narrowed airways get blocked, making it harder to breathe.

SYMPTOMS:

Some common symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, chest tightening due to the constriction of smooth muscles, coughing happens due to the increase in mucus production and wheezing which happens due to the constricted airways which makes a whistling sound while passing through the narrowed space.

THE TYPES OF ASTHMA

Well, asthma occurs in many different forms rather than just one and for many more different reasons, but the trigger remains the same in most cases. Below we will discuss a few of those different types of asthma.

Allergens like pollen, dust mites, pet dander can become the reason for this type of asthma. It is not necessary for a person who is allergic to something will also be an asthma patient and not for every asthma patient to have some kind of an allergy.

This type of attack usually occurs due to the surroundings. Such as climate, pollution in the air, smoke, fragrances, fresheners, etc.

Irritants present in the surroundings of your workplace may lead to occupational asthma. The triggers present at the workplace can include chemical fumes, dust particles, stress, mould, etc.

It's a preferred term known for years by everyone that this asthmatic attack takes place within 10-15 minutes of exercise.

Allergens like pollen, dust mites, pet dander can become the reason for this type of asthma. It is not necessary for a person who is allergic to something will also be an asthma patient and not for every asthma patient to have some kind of an allergy.

This type of attack usually occurs due to the surroundings. Such as climate, pollution in the air, smoke, fragrances, fresheners, etc.

Irritants present in the surroundings of your workplace may lead to occupational asthma. The triggers present at the workplace can include chemical fumes, dust particles, stress, mould, etc.

It's a preferred term known for years by everyone that this asthmatic attack takes place within 10-15 minutes of exercise.

  • EXTRINSIC ASTHMA
  • INTRINSIC ASTHMA
  • OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA
  • EXERCISE INDUCED BRONCHOCONSTRICTIONS(EIB)

HOW DO WE PREVENT THESE FATAL ATTACKS IN PEOPLE WHO HAVE ASTHMA.

One of the simplest ways to prevent these fatal attacks is to reduce the presence of triggers. But unfortunately, our earth is an unpredictable place where reducing and avoiding the triggers won't be that easy to control. This is where the Inhalers come as a hero to save one who's suffering. Medications like these help all asthmatics both in the prevention and control of asthma symptoms.

WHAT IS AN INHALER?

Well, it is a primary treatment given to all asthma patients. An inhaler helps in the transportation of the medication along the affected airways using a liquid mist and fine powder as a medium to treat the symptoms. They are of two different types:

This medication contains beta-agonists which relaxes the constricted muscles and allows the airways to widen for more air to travel into and out of the lungs. It helps in the treatment of immediate symptoms.

This type of medication is usually used for long term treatment. It contains corticosteroids which in turn helps by reducing the sensitivity of airways and inflammation, keeping it under control.

Inhalers have proven to be the most effective medication for asthma as well as helped many people live a better life.

This medication contains beta-agonists which relaxes the constricted muscles and allows the airways to widen for more air to travel into and out of the lungs. It helps in the treatment of immediate symptoms.

This type of medication is usually used for long term treatment. It contains corticosteroids which in turn helps by reducing the sensitivity of airways and inflammation, keeping it under control.

  • Reliever Medication
  • Preventive Medication

CONCLUSION

Asthma is a chronic condition in the lungs, which tightens up the muscles surrounding the airways causing inflammation. Difficulty in breathing, tightness in the chest, cough is the terms used to define the symptoms of an asthma patient. There is more than one particular type of asthma. Allergens, exposure to cold weather, stress, etc act as a trigger to an asthma attack. Inhaler controls the immediate symptoms. So, if you want to lead a life to the fullest follow up with the quote once Sydney said " One step at a time, Inhaler in Hand, I will fulfill my dreams and live life to the fullest."