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Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

24 February, 2021 Ananya Das

The human excretory system consists of various organs and the major organs that serve the purpose of solid waste removal from the body are the colon and the rectum. If any kind of mutation takes places in the genes of the cells of these organs then the cells starts dividing uncontrollably and develops into a tumor and hence results in cancer. The cancer that develops in the colon or rectum of the body is known as colorectal cancer or also called colon or rectal cancer.

This kind of cancer may be malignant, that is, it may spread to other parts of the body and cause damage to them. Studies discover it to be the second most death causing cancer in females and third in males. But with advancement of technology and diagnosis process used, improvements have been reported in the survival rates and health of patients of colorectal cancer.

Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer:

Following are the signs that you may find in case of colon cancer:

  • Sudden and unintentional weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Blood from rectum or in stool
  • Tiredness
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • A kind of lump in the abdomen or back


If any of these symptoms are experienced then consult your doctor soon as it may be due to colorectal cancer or any other condition too.

Causes and Risk Factors of Colon Cancer:

The exact cause of colorectal cancer is yet not known. But some of the major risk factors of this kind of cancer are as follows:

1. Old age: People above the age of 50 years have majorly been diagnosed with colorectal cancer. But it doesn’t mean that people of other ages don’t develop this. Even at present reports are found stating the increment in the number of patients of colon cancer below age of 50 years.

2. Inactive lifestyle and obesity: Inactivity in daily routine develops various kinds of problems in the body and the major of these is unnecessary weight gain which results in obesity. The number of patients of colorectal cancer is more with obese people than people with normal weight. Hence, obesity increases the chances of colon cancer.

3. Addiction: Excess and unnecessary consumption of alcohol or cigarette of any form increases the risk of colon cancer.

4. Improper diet: If your daily diet plate is full of low fiber and high fat items then it leads to the accumulation of waste and fats in the body and in result develops various health issues and major among which is rectal cancer. Even studies have shown that intake of excess red and processed meat has increased the chances of cancer development in colon.

Prevention for Colorectal Cancer:

Following ways can help in the prevention of the colon cancer’s development:

  • Quit smoking and drinking: The best option to prevent colon cancer development is by quitting the consumption of addictives but if you are still unable then try to limit its intake slowly and for help consult your doctor.
  • Perform exercises: Performing exercise not only will help you to shed extra fat but also will reduce the inactiveness. This in turn results in maintaining healthy weight and as result reduction in chances of colon cancer development is encountered.
  • Make your plate nutritious: Eating variety of colorful fruits and vegetables fills up the body with lots of healthy vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fibers which helps in detoxifying the body and also maintaining proper balance. This overall helps in reducing the chances of colon cancer development.


Treating Colorectal Cancer

The kind of treatment to be employed on the patient of colorectal cancer depends on various factors which includes the stage and size of cancer along with the age and health condition of the patient. There are various methods of treating the colorectal cancer. Some of these are as follows:

1. Surgery: The best way and common way used in treating an invasive and malignant cancer is surgery where the tumor along with the cells of the area where the cancer has spread is removed. In case of the removal of rectum, colostomy bag is attached where the stools get collected. Usually the attachment is temporary but whenever necessary it is made permanent too.

2. Chemotherapy: This is the most commonly used method of treatment in colon cancer without surgery. Drugs are given to the patient to either shrink the tumor to ease the surgery or to kill the cancerous cells. If the patient is at advanced stage then chemotherapy is the best option considered.

3. Targeted therapy: In this method, drugs are given to target the proteins that lead to cancer development. Some of the medicines used for this purpose are Avastin and Cyramza.

4. Radiation therapy: For this purpose high energy radiations are used to destroy the cancer cells. In case of colon cancer this is also used to reduce the size of the tumor to ease the process of surgery.

All the medicines prescribed to be used during the treatment of colon cancer can be easily bought from online pharmacies.

Take Away:
Colorectal cancer affects the working capacity of a major part of our body which in turn affects the body in various ways. So it’s always advised to take proper precautions to avoid the risk factors. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above then be sure to consult your doctor immediately and get your treatment started at an early stage. Happy bowel results in happy living so take its proper care.

 

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