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Bladder Cancer - Symptoms, Causes, Tests and Treatment

15 February, 2021 Ananya Das

Bladder is a hollow muscular organ that is present in the lower abdomen of a human body and is the organ that stores urines until released out of body. The cells called the urothelial cells are present inside the bladder as well in the kidney and the ureters (tubes that connect the kidney to the bladder). If cancer starts developing in these urothelial cells then this may lead to the development of bladder cancer. This cancer is also popular as the urothelial cancer. Urothelial cancer is not only common in bladders but also in kidneys and the ureters.

Bladder cancers can be easily treated if detected in early stages but still it posses the chances of returning after successful treatment. Therefore it is a kind of necessity to always keep monitor on the bladder cells so that even if it recurs, it can be detected early and treated again. Usually the bladder cancer runs from stage 0 to stage 4.

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Following are the most common signs and symptoms that ay let you know if you are by any chance a suffering from the bladder cancer:

  • Pain in the back
  • Frequent urges to urinate
  • Feels pain while urinating
  • Hematuria

Sometimes the blood in the urine is so less that it can’t be detected with normal eyes but if lab tests are done then the presence of blood can be detected.

Risk factors:

Following are the factors that may increase the risk of development of bladder cancer:

  • Smoking: If you are a serial smoker than the smoke and the chemicals from it start to accumulating in your urine as waste from the body is discharged via urine. And since urine is stored in the bladder so the chemicals settle in the bladder and damage the lining of the bladder, which increases the risk of cancer.
  • Bladder inflammation: Frequent urine infections may increase the risk of the development of bladder cancer. Especially when the inflammation is caused by parasite infection in the bladder then this is known as schistosomiasis.
  • Family history: Usually it’s rare that bladder cancer runs for generations in a family but in some cases it’s found to occur if any of your blood relative was a patient of this.
  • Growing age: As the person grows old the risk of cancer development increases and most of the patients of bladder cancer are found to be of age above 55years.


Usually the main cause of the development of bladder cancer is the mutation in the DNA of the urothelial cells of the bladder. If the mutation takes place in the cells then it changes the working information of the cells and as a result the cells start to multiply uncontrollably and make the healthy living cells to die.

This uncontrollable growth of cells may lead to the development of tumors from which the abnormal cells will after certain time becomes invasive and spread to other parts of the body.


  • Quit smoking: It always beneficial to stop smoking from various points of its health benefits, but for here the special reason becomes the avoidance of development of bladder cancer.
  • Eat variety of naturals: eating variety of colorful fruits and vegetables can help to reduce the risk of cancer development since it possesses a variety of anti-oxidants.


  • Biopsy: In this using a small tool cells / tissues from the ureter are taken and tested.
  • Cystoscopy: In this using a small tube a micro camera is inserted in the bladder to view the bladder.
  • X-rays
  • CT scans
  • Intravenous pyelogram


The treatment to be done depends upon various factors especially the stage of the cancer.

  • For cancers belonging to stage 0 and 1 surgery can be performed to remove the tumor from the bladder or chemotherapy or immunotherapy can be done where the patient is kept on medications that help to kill the cancer cells.
  • If your cancer has tested to stage 2 or 3 then either surgery can be done to remove a part of bladder or whole bladder followed by chemotherapy or radical cystectomy depending upon the need. Some medicines can be used to shrink the tumor before the surgery so that the surgery can be done properly and the further recurring of the cells can be checked.
  • If the cancer is at final 4th stage then usually chemotherapy is preferred to extend the life expectancy of the patient.

Take away:
Be careful with the functioning of the bladder and with the kind and frequency of your urination. If you kind any kind of problem then immediately consult your doctor and take the prescribed medications seriously to get back to normal life soon. The medicines can be easily bought from online pharmacies.

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