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12 Common Symptoms and Warning Signs of Cancer

09 January, 2021 Jesmary Johnson

Cancer is a collective name given to the class of conditions that are characterized by abnormal growth of cells caused by uncontrolled cell division in these cells, which can infiltrate nearby healthy cells.

Cancer can spread to the whole body if not detected and treated early. It is the leading cause of death worldwide. There has been a hike in cancer cases and death in recent decades due to the change in lifestyle and food habits. The causes of cancer can be genetic and may also run in families.

Researches around the world have shown some promises in increasing recovery and survival rates for different types of cancer. However, keeping a watch for the symptoms of cancer can help in an easy and early recovery. Symptoms vary and are dependent on the organ or body part affected.

1. Lump or thickening of the skin
The formation of a new lump under the skin could be a symptom of cancer. Lumps on the breast could be cancerous. Women are advised to check regularly for lumps on the breast as this usually is the most obvious symptom of breast cancer. Other symptoms of breast cancer could be changes in the texture of nipples, discharge from nipples, itchiness, dryness, or scaly nipples.

While some lumps may not be cancerous it is always advisable to get them examined by a doctor. Lymph nodes may be swollen when you have a cold or even after the cold subsides. If the node persists, it must be medically examined to make sure it isn't cancerous.

2. Fluctuation in body weight (gain or loss)
Sudden fluctuation in body weight without any explainable reasons can be a symptom of cancer. Unexplained loss of appetite could also be a warning sign.

3. Skin changes
Moles are common on the body but an unusual increase in the size of existing moles or the formation of new moles could be an indicator of cancer. A growing or evolving mole should be examined by a physician. Skin coloration or a sore that doesn't heal could be a symptom of blood cancer and should be attended medically.

4. Change in bowel or bladder habits
Persistent diarrhea or constipation, frequent urination, and blood in stool and urine could indicate colon, prostate, bladder cancer, and other cancers too. If these symptoms are not visibly related to any other conditions of the body then it is important to consult a doctor and take the required screening tests.

5. Fatigue
Fatigue is a normal sign of ongoing stress. But severe and long-lasting tiredness could indicate cancer.

6. Chronic coughing and hoarseness
Dry and persistent cough and hoarseness that doesn't go away for two weeks or more could be due to lung cancer. People who consume alcohol and/or smoke cigarettes should look out for these conditions and consult a doctor immediately if symptoms worsen.

7. Difficulty in Swallowing
Pain in the stomach after eating, bloating, food getting stuck in the throat, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, etc if persistent for more than two weeks could indicate stomach, lungs, or throat cancer.

8. Chronic headaches and recurring fevers
Chronic headaches, seizures, drooping of the face, change in vision and hearing, could be signs of brain tumors or other neurological cancers. Recurring fever and contraction frequent infections could imply that the immune system is compromised and there could be a risk of leukemia or lymphoma.

9. Persistent muscle or joint pain
Body pains that last anywhere in the body, muscles, or joints might be signs of cancer. Pain that doesn't respond to other treatments must be examined and screened by a doctor.

10. Unexplained bleeding or bruises
Developing scratches and scars are normal when the body comes in contact with rough objects. But when the body scars, develop bruises, or bleeds without much of accidents it could indicate cancer. Also, blood in urine and stools is a warning to look out for.

11. Changes in Mouth
The formation of red and white patches or painful lesions in the mouth or tongue could be an indication of oral cancer. Lip coloration, bleeding, pain, or numbness in lips especially in people who smoke (passive smoking included) and drink may have these symptoms and should be attended to medically.

12. Abnormal periods/Pelvic changes
Abnormal periods and cramps could be experienced by women but if they persist for longer, they could potentially indicate cervical, uterine, or ovarian cancer. Wide deviation in period cycles should also be looked for.

Any unusual growths or functional abnormalities could indicate a potential risk of cancer and it is important to constantly look for these symptoms, especially if you have an unhealthy lifestyle or are genetically prone to cancers.

The above information is extracted from the internet for knowledge purpose only. We strongly recommend taking any medicine (drug) on the valid prescription or advice of a medical practitioner. 3meds do not accept any responsibility for medical outcome of these medicines.

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