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Are Transplant Patients At A Higher Risk?

06 July, 2020

 

Who are Transplant Patients? What are the types of transplant? 

One of the most remarkable successes in the history of medicine is an organ transplant. When some or any of the organs fail, treatment is needed to replace those organs with healthier ones for the work that the damaged ones can no longer do. This treatment of replacement is called a transplant. And the patients who undergo such treatments are called the transplant patients.

There are various types of transplant - heart, liver, kidney, lung etc being the primary ones and intestines being the least common single organ transplant. Organ donors may be living, dead via circulatory death or brain dead for the transplant.

 

Are transplant patients at high risks of Covid-19? 

Patients with already prevailing medical conditions may be at greater risk of infection because their immunity against infection is weakened below par resulting in an immunocompromised condition. Transplant patients and their families are disproportionately impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and are significantly more likely to become infected than the general average from Covid-19. Those awaiting for organ transplants, those undergoing chemotherapy treatment, individuals with more advanced disease, and those with cancer are most vulnerable. Patients over the age of 70 are also likely to develop severe cases of COVID-19, as are those who also have cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure, or are active tobacco smokers.About 39%  of transplant patients needed to be put on a mechanical ventilator while 64% of those ventilated patients met with fatality. 


Why are the transplant patients at higher risk? 

People who receive a donor organ that is transplant patients are often on immune-suppressing medications making them at extremely high risk of dying if COVID-19 strikes. Most of the patients had very low levels of  blood cells needed to mount a strong defense against Covid-19. Hence 3MEDS, the 24 hour online medicine delivery app in India , where you can buy medicines and healthcare products online believes there is an urgent need to decrease doses of immunosuppressive agents among patients affected with COVID-19 along with putting them under extreme healthcare facilities. 

 

What steps can the transplant patients take to reduce the risk? 

  1. Individuals with ongoing transplant procedures or those with a potential requirement of transplant should consider two different strategies to reduce their risk during the pandemic. 

  • The first is to ensure that the transplant patients take sufficient precautions to avoid unnecessary exposure to the virus. 

  • The second is to consider whether immediate changes to their treatment strategy could be implemented to reduce their risk of Covid-19 infection. 

 

  1. Transplant Patients need to be cautious if they are going out for essential works. Every hospital is recommending delay or canceling of visits for them if it is not unavoidable. 

 

  1. The same rules apply for people with or without ongoing transplant procedures : 

  •  Frequent handwashing is the most important and easy way to prevent infection. 

  • Disinfect objects and surfaces touched frequently. 

  • Avoid close contact with sick people. Put a necessary 6 feet distance between you and everyone. 

  • While sneezing, coughing or even talking, it's rather necessary to cover your face with proper masks.

  • Touch less, wave more. 

  • Increase your immunity by keeping yourself hydrated,stress-free and following a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and proper nutrition

 

  1. The risk of missing a medical appointment must be weighed against the possibility of exposing a patient to infection but if you are already receiving treatment you should continue to be treated as long as there isn't any Covid-19 symptom. 

 

  1. If you are taking any essential medicines , you may be able to have prescribed treatments and medications delivered directly to you so you don’t have to go to a pharmacy. 3MEDS, the best online pharmacy in Delhi, provides you 24hours online medicine home delivery to help you stay safe at home. 

 

Conclusion-

The pandemic crisis has strained India's already overburdened healthcare system to an extent where routine medical care is compromised to ensure prevention of spread of the infection.The coronavirus situation is changing daily, with states and cities making changes in how they are handling quarantine and critical health care like organ transplant , checking with your doctor on a regular basis is very much advisable but all within the boundaries of your own house.