Brain Tumor : Benign And Malignant

23 October, 2020 Neha Jain

What Is A Brain Tumor?

 

A brain tumor is a mass of abnormal cells in the brain. Your skull is enclosed with your brain which is very tough. Any unwanted growth inside can cause problems. Brain tumors can be cancerous which is called malignant or no cancerous which is called benign.

 

Tumors are generated by the extra cells. In the general process, cells grow and multiply themselves to form new cells as per the requirements of the body. When cells grow aged, they die, and new cells complement them by taking their place. Sometimes, in this process, some problem creates like new cells shape when the body does not require them, and old cells do not die when they should. These extra cells can split up without resisting and may become a tumor.


A tumor can be benign and malignant. Benign tumors rise only in one area. They cannot spread or occupy other parts of your body, on the other hand, the malignant tumor is cancerous, and in this process, cells can circulate to other parts of the body and damages them. Whether it is benign or malignant tumors, whenever they grow they create pressure inside the skull to increase its size. This can lead to brain damage and life-threatening.


Brain tumors are categorized as primary or secondary. A primary brain tumor develops in your brain. Most of the primary brain tumors are benign. A secondary brain tumor, which also called a tastatic brain tumor, arises when cancer cells circulate to your brain through another organ, such as your lung or breast.

What Are The Types Of Brain Tumors?

Types Of Brain Tumors

Primary Brain Tumors
Primary brain tumors develop in your brain. They can be made up of different medium such as:

  • Brain cells
  •  meninges the surrounding membranes of the brain
  •  nerve cells
  •  glands

Primary tumors may be benign or cancerous. According to the Indian Pharmacies, in adults, the most common types of brain tumors are found in gliomas and meningiomas.

Secondary brain tumors
Secondary brain tumors are the reason behind the majority of brain cancers. They begin from one part of the body and disperse, or metastasize, to the brain. The following can metastasize to the brain:

  •  lung cancer
  •  breast cancer
  •  kidney cancer
  •  skin cancer

Secondary brain tumors are always malignant means cancerous. They circulate to the other parts of the body, damages tissue and organs.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Benign And Malignant Brain Tumor?

Symptoms of brain tumors depend on the area and extent of the tumor. Many tumors destroy by occupying brain tissue or cause tension on the surrounding brain.

A growing tumor is putting pressure on your brain tissue and because of this, the most common symptoms occur which are:

  •  Headache
  •  vomiting
  • blurred vision
  •  confusion
  •  seizures (especially in adults)
  •  a change in mental functioning
  •  clumsiness
  •  memory loss
  •  difficulty writing or reading
  •  loss of consciousness
  •  hand tremors
  •  loss of balance
  •  loss of bladder or bowel control
  •  changes in mood, personality, emotions, and behavior

How Are Benign And Malignant Brain Tumors Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of a brain tumor starts with a physical analysis and a brief medical history. The physical exam includes a neurological examination and observes whether your cranial nerves are good in shape. These are the nerves that arise in your brain. Your doctor will check your eyes with an ophthalmoscope; it is an instrument that shines a light through your pupils and onto your retinas. This helps your doctor to check how your pupils react to light and also if there’s any kind of swelling in the optic nerve. When pressure rises inside the skull, it also affects the optic nerve.

After Having Finished The Physical Exam, The Doctor Does Other Examination Such As:

  •  CT scan of the head

  • MRI of the head
  • Angiography
  • Skull X-rays
  • Biopsy

What Is The Treatment For Benign And Malignant Brain Tumor?


People with brain tumors have several treatment options. The options are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Many people get a combination of treatments. The choice of treatment depends mainly are:

  •  The type and grade of brain tumor
  •  Its location in the brain
  •  Its size
  •  Your age and general health

You can buy medicine from the Medical Store India.


Conclusion
A brain tumor can be malignant and benign but both create pressure. So, the er treatment necessary for the brain tumor, if you find any symptoms resemble the above-mentioned then immediately talk with the doctor.