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Paranoia: Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis

20 October, 2020 Deepika


People’s mental health defines their degree of thinking ability, rationality, decision-making capability. These factors also determine their social status in society. However, dealing with mental disability as per the society norms is contentious. It compels one to experience the identity crisis.

Different types of mental disorders could be the cause of different reactions like genetic factors, environmental stress, traumatic brain injury, and many more.

Paranoia is one of the mental health conditions that makes people overthink and exaggerate the situation around them.

What is Paranoia?

A person facing the paranoia disorder persists in irrational suspicion or mistrust of others. They exaggerate every situation and contemplate the thought that they are the victim, and someone is out there to harm them. They consider themselves in difficult circumstances, where others can physically abuse them. However, they try the escape the scenario.

Therefore, the person with dementia also faces paranoia, that shows the symptoms of mental illness or personality disorder.

These could be the reason that people do not want to reveal their mental health condition to others and chose to live in darkness and solitude. This led them to the state of depression and other mental condition. With doctor’s consultation people could avail the anti-depression medicines from 24-hour medicine home delivery online pharmacy.

Other conditions that develop in people with paranoia are:

  • v  Anxiety
  • v  Depression
  • v  Bipolar disorder.

What are the Symptoms of Paranoia?

Every individual indeed takes a second thought before taking any significant steps in their life. However, they experience paranoid thoughts at some point, but paranoia is the constant attack of paranoid signs and symptoms. Some of the symptoms are:

  • v  Mistrust on others
  • v  Exaggerating every situation.
  • v  Stress and anxiety-related issues.
  • v  Disbelieving or misunderstanding others.
  • v  Feeling of victimization or getting hurt when there is no threat around.
  • v  Love to live in solitude or isolation.

What Causes Paranoia?

There are multiple causes of paranoia, but most of the time, it occurs due to personality disorder or traumatic brain injury. People with Schizophrenia also experience paranoia. Schizophrenia is also a mental condition in which people experience hallucinations and delusions, where they struggle to differentiate between real and fake. Other significant causes of paranoia are:

  • v  Genetical issue

  • v  Brain chemistry
  • v  Stress
  • v  Medical history.

One of the prime causes for paranoia disorder that these days are very much in existence is due to overconsumption of drugs. According to the researchers, the use of methamphetamines causes paranoid actions and delusions. PCP and LSD are some other drugs that are malicious for human consumption and could reverberate a disastrous repercussion. 

How is Paranoia Diagnosed?

Dealing with mental health is a sensitive issue, and the concerned doctor will take all the significant steps before starting the treatment. Multiple medical examinations will be performed along with the briefing of medical history to find out the real cause for the symptoms of Paranoia. 

If the symptoms of Paranoia are temporary, that occurs due to traumatic harm in the head caused by accident or stress that could be resolved by the medication like anti-anxiety medicines or mild slipping pills. But in a severe condition that could be the part of a psychiatric issue, the doctor will refer the patient to a psychiatrist or a psychologist. They complete further evaluation and tests to determine the mental status. 

What are the Treatments for Paranoia?

The severity of the symptoms of Paranoia determines the treatment that may include medication and psychotherapy. Psychotherapy treatment consists of:

  • v  Increase self-esteem.

  • v  Accept the vulnerability.
  • v  Developing trust in others.
  • v  Adoption of positive thoughts. 

The following steps help the patient in coping with the situation and improve the skill of socialization and communication. They meet with people to come out of the comfort zone that pushes them towards the darkness and insanity. 

Atypical antipsychotic medication helps in relieving the symptoms of Paranoia. Also, people with paranoid schizophrenia generally require medication treatment as they lost touch with reality. Initial treatment includes antipsychotic medication along with anti-anxiety medicine and antidepressants. These antidepressants and anti-medication are available at any online pharmacy store in India.

With the improvement in the condition of the patient, the doctor recommends an additional treatment that includes individual or family counselling. 

In the case of drug abuse, the drug treatment program has been initiated by the doctors. 


Anxiety, trust issue, or possessiveness makes relation and communication with others strenuous, either it’s a personal relationship or with employment. The constant thought of getting hurt by others physically or emotionally pus them towards failure and depression. It makes them unable to work with others resulting in hostile and detached leading to solitude.

A small conversation with dear ones and seeking doctors help may resolve the problem with great benefits.