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Everything You Need To Know About Anemia

19 October, 2020 Amrit Kaur

What Is Anemia?

A condition in which there is a decrease in RBCs, which circulate in our body. At this level,  the healthy red blood cells lack to carry a sufficient amount of oxygen to the tissues of your body. Suffering from anemia can make you feel exhausted and weak. There are many forms of anemia, each has its own cause. Anemia can be short-term or long-term, and it could be mild or severe. It often becomes the result of other health issues that interact with the body’s formation of healthy red blood cells (RBCs) or increase the percentage of the breakdown or loss of these cells.

Symptoms Of Anemia:

A breathing problem 

Chest Pain

Migraine 

Dizziness

Fatigue  

Exhausted 

Persons with mild anemia may experience fewer or no symptoms. 

Aplastic Anemia: It can cause a high temperature, rapid infections, and rashes.

Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia: It causes irritability, diarrhea, and an ingratiating in speech.

Hemolytic Anemia: It can cause confusion, pain in the back, and urine infection.

Sickle Cell Anemia: In this condition feet and hands get swollen and cause jaundice.

Causes And Types Of Anemia:

RBCs need to survive in our bodies because their function is to transport hemoglobin (a protein molecule in red blood cells). These molecules carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of our body. There is some type of health conditions that can result in a decrease in RBCs.

There are many kinds of anemia. In some people, it can be difficult to identify the cause of low RBC. The three main causes of anemia are:

Blood Loss

The most common type of anemia is Iron deficiency anemia or blood loss. It is often the main cause. A deficiency of iron in the blood can cause this condition, and a constant decrease in the iron levels occurs as a result of blood loss.

When the blood is lost from the body, it takes water from tissues beyond the circulation of blood to help keep the blood vessels filled. This extra water dilutes the blood, which results in the reduction of RBC count.

Blood loss can be acute and rapid or sometimes chronic. Some causes of rapid blood loss are delivery, operation, and life-threatening injury.

Stomach ulcers, cancer, or different types of tumors can cause chronic blood loss. It is mainly responsible for anemia. Other major causes of anemia due to blood loss are:

Gastrointestinal problems, such as cancer, piles, gastritis, or ulcers.

 Intake of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs includes aspirin and ibuprofen.

Heavy periods.

Reduced Or Impaired RBCs

At the center of bones, there is a soft and spongy tissue which is known as bone marrow. It plays a significant role in creating RBCs. Stem cells are produced by marrow, which later develops into RBCs, white blood cells, and platelets.

Numerous diseases can affect the bone marrow, including leukemia. It is a type of cancer that provokes the production of excessive and abnormal white blood cells, disrupting the formation of RBCs. For example, Aplastic anemia happens when less or no stem cells are present in the marrow.

In some cases, anemia happens when RBCs do not develop and mature as usual, same as thalassemia — a hereditary condition of anemia.

Other kinds of anemia that happen due to decreased or impaired RBCs are:

Sickle Cell Anemia

In this condition, RBCs get the shape of a semi-circle. They may break down more rapidly than healthy RBCs or get blocked in small blood vessels.

This blockage can reduce oxygen levels and cause severe pain further down in the bloodstream.

Iron - Deficiency Anemia

In this condition, the body produces fewer RBCs due to the lack of iron. Iron-deficiency anemia occurs due to:

A meal low in iron 

Periods

By donating blood frequently

Training continuously

Digestive conditions, such as Crohn’s disease

Medications which bother the gut lining, such as ibuprofen

Vitamin - Deficiency Anemia

There are two essential components for the production of RBCs are Vitamin B-12 and folate. If a person does not consume enough of either vitamin, their RBC count may get decreased.

Examples of vitamin-deficiency anemia are megaloblastic anemia and pernicious anemia.

Destruction of RBCs 

These RBCs have a natural life span of 120 days in the bloodstream, but the body may discard or remove them before they finish their natural life cycle.

Destruction of RBCs causes a type of anemia called autoimmune hemolytic anemia.

Treatment

Treatment for anemia increases the count of RBCs. Each aims to increase the number of RBCs, which, in turn, increases the oxygen level in the blood.

Treatments For The Several Types Of Anemia Are:

Iron-deficiency anemia: Change in supplements and diet can be useful, and, when necessary, a doctor will examine the causes of excessive bleeding.

Vitamin deficiency anemia: Dietary supplements and injections of vitamin B-12 available at the online pharmacy app in India

Thalassemia: supplements of folic acid, iron chelation, and, if it is severe, blood transfusions and bone marrow transplants could be helpful.

Anemia due to chronic disease: Consult your doctor first, he/she will examine your clinical and family history.

Aplastic anemia: Blood transfusions or bone marrow transplants should be done.

Sickle cell anemia: Antibiotics, oxygen therapy, and pain relief medications, buy these reasonable and genuine medications at the best online medicines store in India  3MEDS

Hemolytic anemia: Immunosuppressant drugs, treatments for infections, and plasmapheresis, which filters the impurities from the blood.

Conclusion

Anemia happens when a low count of RBCs is circulating in the body. It reduces the person’s oxygen levels and causes several symptoms such as weakness, shortness of breath, and fatigue.