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Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)-Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

17 October, 2020 Ayesha Khanam

Conjunctivitis is an eye infection that causes inflammation and redness in the transparent thin membrane (conjunctiva) that covers the white part of your eyeball. The small blood vessels in the transparent thin membrane become inflamed that causes the white part of the eyeball appears reddish or pink, this condition of the eye is called conjunctivitis.

Conjunctivitis is generally caused by a bacterial or viral infection, or maybe due to an allergic reaction. no doubt conjunctivitis is a very irritating and painful condition of the eye but it rarely affects the vision. Treatment of this infection can help to ease the irritation and pain of the pink eye because it is a contagious infection early diagnosis can help to limit the spread of conjunctivitis.

Symptoms of Conjunctivitis

Symptoms you can see when you get infected

  • Redness in the eyes of one or both
  • Itchiness in the eye(s)
  • Grittiness in the affected eye
  • A liquid discharge comes from the affected eye(s) that become a crust over the night that may cause difficulty in opening your eyes.
  • Abnormal tearing

When to see the Doctor?

Some serious conditions can cause you to red-eye. When the condition starts causing you excess pain, the feeling of something stuck is in your eye or affected vision and light sensitivity. Then you need urgent medical care. If you wear contact lenses stop using that as soon as you saw the symptoms of conjunctivitis. If the symptoms don't get better for 24-26 hours then make sure to meet your doctor as soon as possible.

What are the Causes of Conjunctivitis?

The following are the reason for conjunctivitis in the eyes:

Virus and bacteria: In most of the cases the pink eye is typically caused by the adenovirus. Pink eye can also cause by herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, and some other viruses. Both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis have the same symptoms like respiratory infections, sore throat.

Both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis can be contagious. It can spread through direct or indirect contact.

  • Allergic Conjunctivitis:

Any chemical splash or any foreign particles in your eyes can also cause conjunctivitis. During cleaning and flushing out these chemicals or particles can cause redness and irritation in the eyes. Symptoms may include a watery eye, mucous in the eyes. It can usually resolve within a day.

If flushing and cleaning won't work the symptoms remain the same then you need to consult your eye specialist for medical assistance. Because a chemical splash into your eyes can cause damage to the eye.

Preventive Measure of Conjunctivitis

Maintaining good hygiene to prevent the spread of pink aye. Follow these tips

  • Try not to touch your eyes with your hands
  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Change your pillow covers
  • Stop using your eye makeup
  • Don't share your eye makeup
  • Use a clean and fresh towel to wipe your face and eyes
  • Don't share your towel
  • Frequently wash your eyes with cold and clean water
  • Don't watch tv, mobile phones, laptops during conjunctivitis which may increase the pain
  • Use sunglasses

Treatment of Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis treatment is generally focused to relieve the symptoms. Your doctor may recommend cleaning of eyelids using artificial tears with the help of a wet cloth by applying wet and cold compresses for several times.

If you wear contact lenses then your doctor will advise you to stop wearing them until the treatment is completed.

Disinfect your spectacle every night before sleeping so that you can use it clean tomorrow.

For any medical treatment and healthcare products, you can easily buy it from 3MEDS- the best online pharmacy in India.

In most cases, you don't need antibiotic eyedrops. Since conjunctivitis is generally viral then antibiotics won't help it out. Antiviral medication can be given to you if your conjunctivitis is due to viral infection.

Treatment for Allergic Conjunctivitis

If your conjunctivitis is allergic then your doctor may prescribe you eardrops that help to reduce the allergic reactions these medications are easily available in 3MEDS- the best online chemist shop in Delhi.

  • Antihistamines
  • Steroids
  • Anti-inflammatory eyedrops

You can also decline the severity of conjunctivitis by preventing yourself from the things that cause your allergies.

Conclusion:

Conjunctivitis (pink eye) is a common infection of the eyes it can easily treat at home as well as with medical assistance. Few things keeping in mind about conjunctivitis can help you to prevent the infection and the spread of infection too.