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Rosacea-Overview, Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

16 October, 2020 Pooja Kumari

Rosacea is a very common, chronic, and incurable skin condition that usually affects the face and causes redness and visible blood vessels on your face. But in some cases, it may also appear on the chest, back, or neck. This disease may also produce small, red, pus-filled bumps. The signs and symptoms of this disorder may flare-up in the initial phase and then go away after a few weeks for a while. This process repeats in a cycle. Rosacea can cause a bulbous and swollen appearance of the nose which is called rhinophyma.

It affects around 1-20 % of the total population. Certain foods and beverages such as spicy foods, dairy products, caffeine, and alcohol can worsen the symptoms. Sun exposure is another aspect that may also worsen the symptoms.

Rosacea usually develops after the age of 30 and it is more common in women than men. Women with light skin color are more prone to it.

Rosacea has four subtypes and each type has different signs and symptoms. It is possible that you can get one or more than one type of rosacea at one time.

Types of Rosacea

There are four types of rosacea, which is the following:

  1. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR): This subtype is associated with facial redness, visible blood cells, and flushing.
  2. Papulopustular rosacea: This is also known as acne rosacea and is associated with acne-like breakouts and it often affects middle-aged women.
  3. Rhinophyma Rosacea: This form is a rare form that is associated with the thickening of the skin on and around your nose. This subtype often affects men.
  4. Ocular rosacea: These subtype effects are centered on the eye area.

Symptoms of Rosacea According to the Subtypes

Signs of ETR rosacea:-

  • Redness or flushing may be there in the center of the face
  • Swollen skin
  • Visibly broken blood vessels
  • Dry, rough, and scaly skin
  • Sensitive skin
  • Stinging and burning skin

Signs of acne rosacea:-

  • Oily skin
  • Sensitive skin
  • Acne-like breakouts and very red skin
  • Raised patches of skin
  • Broken blood vessels that are visible

Signs of Rhinophyma rosacea:-

  • Bumpy skin texture
  • Thick skin on the nose
  • Large pores
  • Visibly broken blood vessels
  • Thick skin may appear on the chin, forehead, cheeks, and ears

Signs of ocular rosacea:-

  • Watery eyes or bloodshot
  • Dry and itchy eyes
  • Eyes that feel gritty
  • Stinging and burning sensation in the eyes may arise
  • Cysts on eyes
  • Diminishes vision
  • Broken blood vessels on eyelids
  • Eyes which becomes sensitive to light

Causes of Rosacea

The exact cause of rosacea has not been determined yet but it can be a combination of hereditary and environmental factors both. These includes:-

  • Eating spicy foods
  • Having hot coffee or tea
  • Intestinal bacteria, helicobacter pylori
  • Items that contain compound cinnamaldehyde, such as cinnamon, chocolates, citrus, or tomatoes
  • Skin mite called Demodex as well as the bacterium it carries bacillus oleronius
  • Presence of cathelicidin in body
  • Too much of exercise
  • Various cosmetic products
  • Sunlight exposure or wind
  • Emotions
  • Red wine or other alcoholic beverages

Possible Treatments of Rosacea

Left and untreated rosacea can get worsen over time. Treatment helps to relieve the symptoms of rosacea. Treatment with the combination of healthy changes in lifestyle is considered the best option for rosacea. Possible treatments of rosacea:-

  • Skin creams

It can help you to reduce inflammation and skin discoloration. The cream can be advised to use once or twice a day by your doctor. Example of such creams – tretinoin, benzoyl peroxide, and azelaic acid. Use these only when it is prescribed by the doctor. Buy prescribed drugs online at 3MEDS and get a 23% discount on health and care products

  • Eye drops

This is used to relieve the eye symptoms which is common in ocular rosacea. The doctor may recommend your steroid type eye drop called blephamide.

  • Antibiotics

Antibiotics are given in the oral form and can have anti-inflammatory effects. They give very faster results compared to topical ones. Examples- tetracycline, minocycline, and erythromycin

  • Laser treatment

To reduce the effect of visible blood vessels, dermatologists use laser treatment. Intense pulsed light is reflected in this treatment which shrinks the vessels. The procedure may give you some pain but it is effective. Excess skin can also be removed by this treatment.

  • Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is a medication that is given in the oral form and is usually used in severe cases of rosacea. This prevents the skin from making excessive oil. This medication is not useful for people with ETR.

Buy the medication from the best online pharmacy store in Delhi and get your medicines on your doorstep without exposing yourself to the sun.


Though there is no cure for rosacea the treatments are there for managing the symptoms. Change in a healthy lifestyle can work better for you. Consult your doctor at regular intervals. Try to avoid the risk factors. Be positive be healthy.