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Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

16 October, 2020 Deepika Chakraborty

The human body consists of many organs that play their role impeccably, and one should also consider that every organ is sensitive and could easily be vulnerable to the intrusion of unwanted guests or germs. 

These days instances of cancer disease are common in human beings. Even after taking lots of precautions and putting extra effort into the benefit of health, however, people unknowingly become the victim of cancer disease, for which most of the time, appropriate treatment is also not available. 

Generally, people believe that smoking cigarette or consuming alcohol could be the reason for developing cancer. But the hypothesis proves wrong when the case of a small child affected by cancer comes into consideration. Researchers believe that genetically modified food could be the reason for getting affected by cancer disease. 

Why Does Cancer Happen?

The human body grows, so as the cells present in the body grow and divides so that they can form new cells. As per the norm, the old cells should be damaged or die so that the new cells could take over the role. But, in some cases, when these old cells do not get destroyed, and instead new cells keep on growing uncontrollably, they start to act abnormally, resulting in the formation of tumors or as we call cancer. 

Every organ in the human body is vulnerable to the intrusion of cancer tumors. These tumor cells are malicious and could easily travel and invade any part of the body. The reason is when these tumors grow, some of the cancer cells could break off and travel to different areas through the lymph or blood system. Therefore, developing new cancer tumors.

Proper treatment and medication of HD at the correct time will help in getting rid of the disease. Buy Prescribed medicines are now simple to avail of from any cancer medicine provider in India.

What is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

Hodgkin’s lymphoma is also called Hodgkin’s disease (HD) that is mainly a blood cancer. It happens in the lymphatic system, a system that helps the immune system to fight with the unwanted germs or waste produced. HD develops in white blood cells. In the patient’s body who is facing HD, the white blood cells spread uncontrollably beyond the lymphatic system. Hence, making it difficult to fight with germs or infections.

The researchers are still today clueless about the actual cause of HD. But they came up with the idea that the mutation in DNA or a few changes could be the reason for Hodgkin’s disease. The disease mainly affects the age group of 20 to 40 and also the age group of 55 and above.

What are the Symptoms of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

The Swelling of Lymph nodes that causes a lump to develop under the skin is the common symptom of HD. This lump is not painful. Some of the other symptoms of HD are:

  • Fatigue
  • Inflammation in a lymph node in the neck, groin, or armpits.
  • Acute itching
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Night Sweats
  • Pain in lymph nodes after consuming alcohol.
  • Fever
  • Constant cough, chest pain, or trouble in breathing.

What Causes Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

The exact cause of HD is unknown. It is to be believed by the doctors that the genetic mutation in lymphocyte cells that fights with the infection develops HD. However, the mutation causes the cells to spread rapidly and grow other malignant diseased cells.

The changes or mutation causes the addition of extra cells, therefore enlarging the size of lymphocytes that accumulate in the lymphatic system. Hence, this procedure develops the sign and symptoms of HD.

Various types of HD exist, and the diagnosis is based on the types of cells involved in the disease and their behavior. The diagnosis of the lymphoma determines the treatment options.

How to Diagnose Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

Before starting the treatment, the concerned doctor will first diagnose the sign and symptoms of HD by doing some physical examination and try to learn the patient’s medical history. The doctor may also ask for various tests to know the real cause of the disease. A few of the imperative tests are:

  • CT scan or X-Rays
  • Biopsy test of the inflamed lymph node. The tests include the removal of tissue from the infected area to examine for the presence of unwanted cells.
  • Blood tests.
  • Immunophenotyping.
  • Lung function test.
  • Echocardiogram.
  • Bone marrow biopsy.

After diagnosing the disease, the cancer is designated with a different stage that helps the doctor to know the severity of the disease and will also help in determining the treatment option.

What are the Treatment Options for Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

Doctors start the treatment for HD after diagnosing the disease by its sign and symptoms and after conducting several tests. The treat determines on its stage that defines the severity of the condition. However, the main treatment options are Chemotherapy and Radiation.

Chemotherapy: It deals with the use of medications that helps in killing the cancer cells. The medicines are available in every online pharmacy store in India.

Radiation: In this process, the high energy beams of radiation are used to destroy the cancer cells. This procedure may be sufficient for treating the early-stage patient.

However, if radiation and chemotherapy do not show any positive solution, then the doctors try for immunotherapy or stem cell transplant. This procedure deals with the infusion of healthy cells into the patient's body to replace the abnormal or cancerous cells present in the bone marrow.

Conclusion:

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is a serious issue that needs a doctor’s assistance at the correct time to avoid any other repercussions, as it may spread into the body. Treatment at the accurate time will be fruitful for the patient. However, even after the treatment, the patients must continue the routine check-ups on scheduled time.