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Everything You Want to Know About Migraine

30 September, 2020 Syed Zubair

What is a Migraine:

A migraine is a neurological complication where we see multiple symptoms in the patient. The most common characteristics of this complication are the intense and severe headaches that accompany it, which has led people to overlook the underlying issue and the causes of these symptoms. These symptoms include ones like nausea, numbness, and tingling sensations, as well as vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. In some cases, we can even see the migraines being hereditary and we can see it appearing repeatedly in families, and if you see a family history, you need to be more cautious regarding it.

Migraines are generally diagnosed on the basis of the clinical history of the patient as well as the symptoms they may report to their physician. We distinguish migraines into two kinds, those without Aura, or known as Common migraines, and those with aura, or known as Classic migraines.

It should always be remembered that migraines are not headaches and have other causes and symptoms that may require professional medical care.

Symptoms of Migraines:

We generally see these symptoms starting before the headache itself, which may be a warning sign that the headache is actually a migraine. This stage of symptoms is also known as the Prodrome stage for Aura fewer migraines, and the symptoms include:

  • Food cravings or excessive hunger

  • Signs of depression or fatigue

  • Yawning frequently despite not being sleepy

  • Restlessness or hyperactivity

  • Irritability or sensitivity to noises or light

  • Stiffness in the neck and shoulders

When it is a case of migraines with aura, the aura is seen to happen after the Prodrome stage an during the aura you may experience problems with your vision, movements, or sensation around you. In some cases, even your speech can be impaired, such as difficulty in speaking, tingling or prickly sensation in your hands, feet, or legs, and seeing flashes of light, bright spots or shapes in your vision or just not being able to see anything at all. This is followed by the attack phase which is the severe stage, where we actually experience the migraine itself.

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Attack Phase:

We can experience migraine pain during this stage. And the symptoms we see accompanying the migraine pain can be different from person to person, such as:

  • Nausea and vomiting, dizziness or even fainting

  • Increased sensitivity to bright lights and sharp sounds that you usually don’t have.

  • Sensations of pain around the head, such as your temples or the front or the back of your head in the form of pulsing and throbbing.

And after the attack phase has passed, we generally see the postdrome phase, where we see the changes in the person’s mood and feelings, ranging from positive, happy, or even euphoric to feeling pathetic, fatigued, or just apathetic. In some cases, we can see a mild form of a headache persisting after the migraine’s attack phase has passed.

It should be remembered that the length and severity of these phases can occur to at degrees in different people and in some cases, a phase is skipped and it’s possible that a migraine attack occurs without even causing a headache.

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The Migraine Pain is described as a pulsating or a throbbing sensation in or around your head, or it can manifest as a severe but dull ache. This pain can start mild, but as time passes on without treatment, it can grow progressively worse and more painful and difficult for the individual to deal with. These migraines will generally last for around 4 hours at first, but if left untreated, they can last for as long as three days to even a week in length. Another aspect of these migraines is nausea, which in some cases can be extremely severe and lead to vomiting and weakness. This can also be felt in the individual as a form of weakness or fatigue, leading to dizziness and difficulty in any form of sensations.

Conclusion

Migraines are severe medical complications and should be given proper medical attention rather than being glossed over. Hence, it is recommended you get yourself checked out as soon as you feel your symptoms match those of a migraine, to avoid exacerbating your condition with time.