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Lyme Disease: Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

29 September, 2020 Nikita Jain

Lyme disease is the commonly seen vector-prone disease round the globe. Per year, larger numbers of people are infected with this causing the number increase and it is a curable disease at the early stages of it.

It’s majorly caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and barely through Borrelia mayonii. It is the type of disease which is transmitted from animals to the human being as Lyme diseases are transmitted through the bite of infected black-legged or deer ticks. It is a disease that is important to get treated at an early stage otherwise it gets spread to the joints, heart, and nervous system. Their diagnosis is done on the basis of physical findings, the possibility of exposure to infected ticks. Under this laboratory testing is considered useful if they are performed with validated methods.

Most of the time, the treatment is done through medication and is treated successfully in a few weeks. In the least cases, other steps are taken except medication procedure like insect repellent, removing ticks promptly, applying pesticides, and reducing tick habitat. These ticks not only transmit the Lyme disease but they even transmit other tick diseases such as babesiosis, anaplasmosis, & powassan virus. Thus get your genuine medicines home delivered by 3Meds.

The disease starts showing its symptoms in 3 to 30 days or even sometimes takes months. It varies with the person, after the bite & it is wide-ranging and majorly depending on the stage of infection. Along with that, it takes around 36 to 48 hours after the rick attached to you to cause Lyme disease. And if the tick is removed within 36 hours, the probability of getting infected reduces to least.

The possibility of getting infected in people is more who spend time in grassy and heavily wooded areas.

Symptoms of Lyme Disease

Early symptoms (3 to 30 days after the bite):

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Fatigueless
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Swollen lymph nodes, that may occur in the absence of rash
  • Erythema migrans (EM) rash:

Occurs in approximately 70 to 80 % of infected persons

Begins at the site of a tick bite after a delay of 3 to 30 days (average is about 7 days)

Expands slowly over several days reaching up to 12 inches or more (30 cm) across

It may feel warm to the touch but is rarely itchy or painful

Sometimes, it clears as it enlarges, resulting in a target or “bulls-eye” appearance

It may appear on any area of the body

Doesn't always appear as a “classic” erythema migrans rash

Later symptoms (days to months after the bite):

  • Severe headaches and neck stiffness.
  • Additional EM rashes on other areas of the body.
  • Facial palsy (loss of muscle tone or droop on one or both sides of the face).
  • Arthritis with severe joint pain and swelling, particularly the knees and other large joints.
  • Intermittent pain in tendons, muscles, joints, and bones.
  • Heart palpitations or an irregular heartbeat.
  • Episodes of dizziness or shortness of breath.
  • Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord.
  • Nerve pain.
  • Shooting pains, numbness, or tingling in the hands or feet.

Causes of Lyme Disease

In the world around, Lyme diseases are caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii. They primarily carry blacked legged or deer ticks. Young brown ticks often are no bigger than a poppy seed, which makes them nearly impossible to spot. To contract the Lyme disease, an infected deer tick must bite you. The bacteria enter the skin through the bite and eventually make their way into the bloodstream.

In most cases, to transmit Lyme disease, a deer tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours. If you find an attached tick that looks swollen, it may have fed long enough to transmit bacteria. Removing the tick as soon as possible might prevent infection.

Prevention of Lyme Disease

The best precaution from getting infected from Lyme disease is to avoid areas where deer ticks live, mostly wooden, brushy areas with long grass.

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Here are some precautions that can be taken to reduce the risk:

Cover your body: Whenever you are going in wooded, bushy areas, cover your complete body, wear shoes, long trousers with full sleeves top with a hat and gloves.

Use insect repellent: Do not forget to apply insect repellent on your skin. Parents are suggested to apply to the child’s skin carefully. Be conscious while applying as such repellents are toxic and thus follow the directions properly.

Tick-proof your yard: Clear the leaves and brushes where ticks make their home. Mow your lawn at regular intervals. Keep it neat and dry, sunny areas decrease the rodents that carry ticks.

Check yourself: After coming back from any area where ticks can be found, it is preferable to have a bath. As ticks are very small and can’t notice until you intentionally sit to remove them. Thus, it's better to have a bath as they take more than 36 hours to get attached.

Bottom line:

Lyme disease it’s not a one-time disease, it can be caused again. Thus it is essential to be alert and take all the precautionary measures. Most of the time they are treated with medications and thus you need to have genuine medicines.