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Obesity - Causes, Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment

29 September, 2020 Shivya Soni

The definition of obesity varies counting on what one reads. generally, overweight and obesity indicate a weight greater than what's healthy. Obesity may be a chronic condition defined by an excess amount of body fat but a specific amount of body fat is required too for storing energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other functions.

Body mass index best defines obesity

Obesity means having excess body fat but is not just cosmetic consideration. 35 years old or aged and older with a BMI greater than 30 are obese. It is a chronic medical disease which will cause diabetes, high vital sign, and heart diseases.

Weight loss can improve and prevent various health problems related to obesity. Weight loss medicines are sometimes prescribed by doctors which can be bought online from online pharmacy stores in Delhi.

What Are the Causes of Obesity?

Physical Inactivity. Sedentary people burn fewer calories than people that are active.

Overeating. Overeating results in weight gain, especially if the diet is high in fat. Foods high in fat or sugar (for example, fast food, fried food, and sweets) have high energy density (foods that have tons of calories during a bit of food).

Not Sleeping Enough, which may cause hormonal changes that cause you to feel hungrier and crave certain high-calorie foods

Pregnancy,  it causes obesity as the weight gained during pregnancy which sometimes is difficult to lose

Frequency of Eating.

People who eat small meals four or five times daily have lower cholesterol levels and lower and/or more stable blood glucose levels than people that eat less frequently (two or three large meals daily). One possible explanation is that tiny frequent meals produce stable insulin levels, whereas large meals cause large spikes of insulin after meals.


Quitting Smoking
Quitting smoking is usually related to weight gain. And for a few, it can cause enough weight gain to qualify as obesity

Social and Economic Issues
Social and economic factors are linked to obesity. Avoiding obesity is difficult if you do not have safe areas to steer or exercise. Similarly, you'll not are taught healthy ways of cooking, otherwise, you might not have access to healthier foods.

Medications.
Medications which is said to weight gain include:

  • antidepressants
  • anticonvulsants like carbamazepine and valproate
  • some diabetes medications like insulin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones
  • certain hormones like oral contraceptives
  • corticosteroids like prednisone
  • High vital sign medications and antihistamines

Psychological Factors. 
In some people,  eating habits are often influenced by emotions like people eat excessively in response to emotions like boredom, sadness, stress, or anger

Certain Health Conditions?

A condition causing an imbalance of female reproductive hormones- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS),
A rare condition that causes excessive hunger during birth- Prader-Willi Syndrome
A condition caused due to high cortisol levels in your body- Cushing Syndrome
A condition during which the thyroid doesn’t function properly- Hypothyroidism

How It Can Be Prevented?

Exercise regularly

Physical activity and exercise help burn calories. the quantity of calories burned depends on the sort, duration, and intensity of the activity. It also depends on the load of the person.

Follow a healthy-eating plan

Food must be in low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Avoid all sorts of saturated food, sweets, and fats.

Know and avoid the food that causes you to eat them

Identify situations that trigger out-of-control eating. Try keeping a journal and write down what you eat, what proportion you eat, once you eat, how you are feeling, and the way hungry you're.

What Are the Complications of Obesity?

  • High Blood Pressure  (hypertension). Hypertension is common among obese adults and ladies are more significantly affected
  • High Cholesterol(hypercholesterolemia)
  • Stroke (cerebrovascular accident or CVA)
  • Heart Attack 
    Coronary artery disease seen more in women
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Type 2 Diabetes
    Obesity can affect the way your body uses insulin to regulate blood glucose levels.
  • Certain Cancers.
    Obesity raises the risk of cancers in various parts of our system.
  • Digestive Problems.
    Obesity increases the likelihood that you're going to develop heartburn, gallbladder disease, and liver problems.
  • Gynecological and Sexual Problems.
    One of the causes of infertility and irregular periods in women is obesity whereas causes male erectile dysfunction in men.
  • Sleep Apnea. 
    People with obesity are more likely to possess apnea, a potentially serious disorder during which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep
  • Gallstones
  • Gout and Gouty Arthritis

What is the Treatment of Obesity?

The goal of obesity treatment is to succeed in and occupy a healthy weight. The initial goal is to scale back the load. All weight-loss programs require changes in your eating habits and increased physical activity. it's done by the following method:

1. Dietary Changes

Making healthier choices.
Restricting certain foods like high-carbohydrate or full-fat foods and sugar-sweetened beverages
Cutting calories

2. Exercise and Being Active

Exercise daily because it helps in:

  • improved blood glucose control and increased insulin sensitivity (decreased insulin resistance)
  • lowered vital sign
  • a reduction in abdominal fat
  • reduced risk of a heart condition
  • release of endorphins

a reduction in abdominal fat,
reduced risk of heart condition,
release of endorphins

3.Behaviour Changes

behavior modification program can assist you to make lifestyle changes and reduce and keep it off.

4.prescribed Medication

Prescribed as long as the above treatment doesn't work.

  • phentermine/topiramate (Qsymia)
  • naltrexone/bupropion (Contrave)
  • liraglutide (Saxenda)
  • orlistat

You can buy medication online by uploading prescribed medicine.

5. Weight-loss Surgery


Weight-loss surgery limits the quantity of food you are able to comfortably eat or decreases the absorption of food and calories, or it does both. While weight-loss surgery offers the simplest chance of losing the foremost weight, it can pose serious risks.
Weight-loss surgery for obesity could also be considered if you've tried other methods to reduce and they failed.

  • Gastric banding
  • Gastric sleeve
  • Gastric bypass surgery

Conclusion

It is very important to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle or you welcome diseases. So eat healthy diet instead of eating medicines