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Dengue fever (breakbone fever) : Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

25 September, 2020 Samadrita Chanda

 

Overview

Dengue fever also referred to as dengue, maybe a mosquito-borne infection that will result in severe flu-like illness. it's caused by four different viruses and spread by Aedes mosquitoes.

Symptoms range from mild to severe. Severe symptoms include dengue shock syndrome (DSS) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). These usually require hospitalization.

There are currently no vaccines. If you are looking for online medicine purchase in India you can easily avail 3meds.com 

Fast Facts on Dengue

  • Dengue is transmitted by the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Asian tiger mosquito, which are found throughout the planet.
  • Around 2.5 billion people, or 40 percent of the world’s population, board areas where there's a risk of dengue transmission.
  • Dengue is endemic in a minimum of 100 countries in Asia, the Pacific, earth, Africa, and also the Caribbean.
  • Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the insect bite and typically last 3 to 10 days.
  • Effective treatment is feasible if

Symptoms vary betting on the severity of the disease.

Mild Infectious Disease

They include:

  • aching muscles and joints
  • body rash which will disappear then reappear
  • high fever
  • intense headache
  • pain behind the eyes
  • vomiting and feeling nauseousDengue virus infection

At first, symptoms of DHF could also be mild, but they gradually worsen within some days. yet as mild dengue symptoms, there are also signs of internal bleeding.

  • A person with Dengue viral hemorrhagic fever may experience:
  • clammy skin
  • damage to lymph and blood vessels
  • internal bleeding, which may result in yellow fever and feces, or stools
  • a lower number of platelets within the blood
  • sensitive stomach
  • small blood spots under the skin
  • weak pulse

Without prompt treatment, DHF will be fatal.

Dengue Shock Syndrome

DSS may be a severe type of dengue. It will be fatal.

Apart from symptoms of mild infectious disease, the person may experience:

  • intense stomach pain
  • disorientation
  • sudden hypotension or a quick come by the pressure level
  • heavy bleeding
  • regular vomiting
  • blood vessels leaking fluid

Without treatment, this will end in death.

Treatment of Dengue Fever 

Dengue may be a virus, so there's no specific treatment or cure. However, an intervention can help, reckoning on how severe the disease is.

For milder forms, treatment includes:

Painkillers, like Tylenol or paracetamol: These can help lower fever and ease the pain.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like aspirin or ibuprofen, don't seem to be advised, as they'll increase the danger of internal bleeding.

More severe sorts of infectious disease may need:

  • blood transfusion, for patients with severe dehydration
  • Hospitalization will allow the individual to be properly monitored, just in case symptoms decline.

Rehydration salts, Tylenol, and paracetamol are available for purchase online.

Causes of Dengue Fever 

There are four dengue viruses (DENV) that cause infectious diseases. they're all spread by a species of mosquito referred to as mosquito, and more rarely by the Asian tiger mosquito.

The viruses jumped from monkeys to humans between 100 and 800 years ago, consistent with the CDC, but dengue remained a minor problem until the center of the 20th century.

Aedes aegypti originated in Africa, but nowadays it's found in tropical areas around the world, especially in and around areas of the human population.

High-risk areas

Dengue fever is most typical in subtropical and tropical areas, like Central and South America, parts of Africa, parts of Asia, the Caribbean, and also the Pacific.

Most cases of dengue among U.S. citizens occur in Puerto Rico, the U.S. island, Samoa, and Guam, where the virus is endemic.

High-risk regions are:

  • Central and South America
  • the Caribbean
  • Northern Australia

Unlike malaria, dengue can happen in both urban areas and rural areas, but research published in 2011 suggested that it's more common in rural areas.

Diagnosis of Dengue Fever 

The signs and symptoms of dengue are like other diseases, like enteric fever and malaria. this could sometimes delay an accurate diagnosis.

The doctor will assess the symptoms and also the person’s medical and travel history, and that they may order some blood tests to substantiate the diagnosis.

Prevention of Dengue Fever 

No vaccine can protect against infectious diseases. 

Clothing: Reduce the number of skin exposed by wearing pants, long-sleeved shirts, and socks, tucking pant legs into shoes or socks, and wearing a hat. Order medicine online in India from online pharmacy apps.

Mosquito repellents: Use a repellent with a minimum of 10 percent concentration of diethyltoluamide (DEET), or the next concentration for extended lengths of exposure. Avoid using DEET on young children.

Mosquito traps and nets: Nets treated with insecticide are simpler, otherwise the mosquito can bite through the online if the person is standing next thereto. The insecticide will kill mosquitoes and other insects, and it'll repel insects from entering the area.

Door and window screens: Structural barriers, like screens or netting, can keep mosquitos out.

Timing: try and avoid being outside at dawn, dusk, and early evening.

To reduce the chance of mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water:

  • remove excess water from plant pot plates
  • scrub containers to get rid of mosquito eggs
  • loosen soil from potted plants, to forestall puddles forming on the surface
  • make sure scupper drains don't seem to be blocked and don't place potted plants and other objects over them
  • use non-perforated gully traps, install anti-mosquito valves, and canopy any traps that are rarely used
  • do not place receptacles under an air-conditioning unit
  • change the water in flower vases every second day and scrub and rinse the within of the vase
  • prevent leaves from blocking anything that will lead to the buildup of puddles or stagnant water

When camping or picnicking, choose a locality that's aloof from still water.

Conclusion

The virus is transmitted from an infected mosquito to a personality's. A mosquito bites an individual who is infected with the dengue virus, and therefore the virus is passed on when the mosquito bites somebody else.

It is possible to possess infectious disease quite once. A second infection carries a better risk of developing a harsher form.