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10 Types of Eczema – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

25 June, 2020 Arpita Karmakar

Eczema is the umbrella term for a number of conditions that make our skin irritated, inflamed, and uncomfortable. There are many different types of Eczema conditions our skin might suffer from. 3MEDS, the best online medicine home delivery app has curated a list of 10 types of Eczema, their causes, symptoms and treatment procedures-


  1. Infant Eczema

Dry, flaky, and red patches around the cheeks and on the scalp could be infant Eczema. The rashes then start to spread often till elbow creases and behind the knees. And then it progresses to fluid-filled pimples that begin to pop.


The excessive urge to scratch

Dry skin

Red patches

fluid-filled pimples


Dry skin

Allergy from food or other substances

Inherited condition


  1.  Atopic Dermatitis

This is the most common type of eczema in which babies, children, and even adults get affected. People with atopic dermatitis have three conditions altogether-asthma, hay fever, and eczema. It's common among those with a family history of eczema and their skin becomes more sensitive.


Red rashes on skin folds.

Eczema spreads from the cheeks to joints in the hands and legs.

Dry cracking skin due to scratching.

Small bumps are developed on the rash oozing out the fluid on scratching.


Atopic dermatitis is a result of your

The weakening of skin barriers against certain allergens

Dry skin

Weak immune system

Genetic factor

Environmental trigger.


     3)  Allergic Contact Dermatitis

If a person touches any substance without knowing that he might be allergic to it which might cause red irritated skin, known contact dermatitis. It might appear after 48 hours after coming in contact with the allergen.


Red irritated skin which burns and stings.

Blistered skin filled with fluids.

Bumps called hives which are itchy and might pop.

Skin feels thick and scaly.


It may be caused due to the skin coming in contact with



Certain soaps and perfumes

Tobacco smoke


Skincare products

Poison ivy and other poisonous plants



      4)   Nummular Eczema

Also known as discoid eczema, it looks like a disc or coin-shaped patches on the skin usually appearing on the lower legs, torso, and forearms. It is a chronic condition that can occur at any age from early childhood to adulthood.


Disc-shaped lesions

Red rashes

Patchy skin that itches


insect bites

Scratches, wounds, dry skin, etc

chemical reaction or burns

bacterial infection


      5)   Irritant Contact Dermatitis

Skin, when frequently exposed to a substance, might feel irritating and cause irritant contact dermatitis.


well-defined red patches with a glazed surface

Skin itches and appears swollen

Blistered or scaly skin

Substances such as


Excessive cold or dry air



Certain products such as hair dye or shampoo

Harsh detergents and Fabric softeners

Acids and alkalis


       6)   Dyshidrotic Eczema
It is known as pompholyx eczema and usually occurs on hands or feet. It is more common in women than men above the age of 40. The blisters that occur might clear out in a few days but leave behind dry and cracked skin. It mostly occurs among people with hay fever or fungal skin infection


Blisters often filled with fluid

Itchy, Cracked and scaly skin

Painful patches on the skin


Damp hands and feet

Nickel in food


Exposure to chemical substance

Excessive Stress


       7)  Asteatotic Eczema

It is also known as xerotic eczema or eczema craquelure and it usually affects people above the age of 60. The lower legs of a person are mostly affected.


Pink or red irritated skin

Cracked dry skin


Itching and soreness


Prolonged time in Hot baths

Rough towel drying or excessive scrubbing

Over cleansing by Soaps and other detergents

Cold weather


       8)   Stasis Dermatitis

Also known as leg eczema, it occurs when the fluid oozes out of the weakened varicose vein into the skin. Rarely, it occurs before the age of 40.


Swelling and heavy feeling  in the feet and ankles

Ropey and damaged veins in your leg

Dry and itchy area over the damaged veins

Open sores on top of your feet


High blood pressure and an underlying heart condition

The problem in blood flow in lower legs and swelling up

Malfunction in blood transmission from legs to heart

Sedentary lifestyle and obesity.


        9)   Seborrheic Dermatitis

It's a chronic form of eczema that appears mostly on the oily areas of the body like nose, back, scalp etc. It mostly affects infants under the age of 3 months.


stubborn dandruff on the scalp.

Swollen and  greasy skin

pink or red itchy patches


Harsh soaps and chemicals.

Cold dry weather



      10)   Neurodermatitis

neurodermatitis which is also called lichen simplex is characterized by intense itching that keeps on getting worse, the more it’s scratched. Women between the ages of 30 and 50 are most commonly affected.


Itchy patches on the legs, arms, or genitals

intense urge to itching and scratching


Stress and anxiety disorders





Treatment for different types of Eczema-

Depending upon the type of eczema, there are different types of treatment and medications.


Commonly used treatment options are-

  • Prescribed steroid creams and ointments for reducing the soreness and itchiness in the skin. Visit a medical store home delivery for all these.
  • UV light therapy to help fight inflammation.
  • Moisturizing skin to keep it healthy and hydrated and not let cracks appear.
  • Antihistamines to reduce itching as itching intensifies eczema.
  • Consuming topical calcineurin inhibitors to reduce inflammation
  • Antibiotics to treat bacterial skin infections

To buy all eczema related medication and Healthcare products online, visit the 24hour medicine delivery app in India.