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Yellow Fever: Diagnosis, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

21 September, 2020 Sneha Lokwani

Yellow fever is also known as Yellow Jack or the Yellow Plague. Yellow fever can be caused by the bite of an infected mosquito. The skin color and the whites of the eyes turn yellow, therefore it is called yellow. It is a serious viral infection caused by the mosquito, Aedes aegypti.

Causes Of Yellow Fever

It is transmitted through a mosquito. If a mosquito bites the monkey who has yellow fever, that mosquito can spread it to humans through a bite. If other mosquitoes bite the human the infected human, that mosquito can spread to other people. After going through yellow fever once, a Person is likely to get immune from it. 

Yellow Fever is not contagious, that is it cannot be spread through human contact. 

Symptoms Of Yellow Fever

  • The first symptom is terrible headaches. 
  • There is extreme muscle aches and joint aches. 
  • There might be extreme backaches too. 
  • A person might experience a loss of appetite
  • There is a sudden onset of fever. 
  • Shivers

All the above symptoms are of the acute stage and most of the people do get recovered in this stage, but if they are not recovered, they might enter into the toxic stage, which is really severe. There is no symptoms for 24 hours after ending of acute period, then after a day or so the symptoms are, 

  • The person will experience recurring fever. 
  • They will experience the decreased in urination
  • There is extreme muscle aches and joint aches. 
  • The person will suffer from extreme abdominal pain. 
  • There is unusual and sudden bleeding from the nose, mouth, and eyes.
  • There is extreme tiredness. 
  • The person might cough it up the blood or vomit up the blood. 
  • There might be heart rhythm problems. 
  • The person might get severe seizures. 

15 percent of people enter this stage and about 20 to 50 percent of people don't survive this. The survival rate is less because there is a lot of other complications due to yellow fever, 

  • Jaundice
  • Kidney failure
  • Hemorrhage
  • Liver failure
  • A person might slip into the coma
  • Eventually death

Diagnosis Of Yellow Fever

If you have any of the above-mentioned symptoms, visit your doctor immediately. The doctor will ask you a detailed question on your symptoms and about your medical history. He'll ask you to run the blood test, it will help to detect the presence of virus and antibodies to fight, the Blood tests can also detect the failure of organs such as the liver and kidneys. It will also detect a drop in white blood cells, or leucopenia, another sign of infection.

Treatment Of Yellow Fever

There is no specific cure for yellow fever, the doctor will help you to fight the disease by some medications to improve your symptoms, making your immune system strong to fight the disease, Some treatment involved are, Buy medications from 3MEDS, Best Indian Pharmacy Store Delhi

  • Intravenous infusion to prevent dehydration or to compensate for fluid loss.
  • Maintaining the level of oxygen of your body. 
  • Transfusion of blood and blood components in case of severe bleeding.
  • Maintaining the level of blood pressure of your body. 
  • Dialysis in case of infected kidney failure.
  • Plasma transfusion is provided to replace the proteins that helps the body with clotting. 
  • By treating other secondary diseases or infections. 

Preventive Measure For Yellow Fever

  • The most effective preventive measure is to save yourself from a mosquito bite, even if you're infected still save yourself from mosquito bite as it can spread the infection to others. To save yourself from mosquito bite, 

  1. Apply Insect repellent
  2. Sleep with nets on
  3. Wear full sleeves clothes
  4. Avoid going outdoor during peak times, such as during dawn. 
  5. Stay in the area, where there is extreme cleanliness. 
  • The vaccination is available against yellow fever, but it is better not to be vaccinated unless and until there is an extreme need like, 
  1. If you're travelling somewhere where there is high risk of getting infected, it's better to be vaccinated 10-14 days before travelling. 
  2. If you have been somewhere around the patient. 

There is no harm in getting vaccinated, but there are severe side effects of it, 

  • Soreness where it is injected
  • There is extreme muscle aches and joint aches. 
  • There is a terrible headache
  • Low-grade fever
  • Fatigue
  • In some cases encephalitis

It is suggested for some group of people to not get vaccinated unless and until it isn't avoidable, 

  • Pregnant ladies
  • Breastfeeding mothers
  • People over 60 years 
  • Children under 9 months
  • People with a weakened immune system
  • People who are allergic to egg
  • People with HIV

Conclusion: Usually a person gets treated in acute level, but in some cases, they reach the toxic stage, which is really harmful. It's necessary to complete the treatment, It's also important to be prevented from mosquitoes all the time.