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Sleep Disorders: Types , Treatment And Prevention

21 September, 2020 Manisha Ailneni

It is a well-known fact that sleep is essential to maintain good physical and mental health. A good amount of quality sleep will energize the body and helps you to work actively the next day. During deep sleep, the body heals muscles, organs, and cells for better functioning. A chemical that can strengthen the immune system will circulate in the blood during sleep. In spite of knowing the benefits of sleep, people are often prone to neglect it due to various reasons. 

Sleep disorders can be explained as the changes in quality, timing, and amount of sleep. They disrupt the normal functioning of the person physically and mentally. they often occur along with different medical conditions like depression, anxiety, and other cognitive disorders.

Difficulties in falling asleep include both physical and emotional problems. Sleep disorders are either a symptom of mental health conditions or they contribute to different mental health issues. Generally, people experience sleep problems due to stress, hectic day, or other outside influences. But if the problems are experienced long-term or they recur frequently, it indicates that the person is dealing with a sleep disorder condition and in such cases, it is important to seek medical treatment and also make some lifestyle changes. Online medicine suppliers will help you to provide the prescribed medicine and delivers them at your doorstep.

Some of the Sleep Disorders are:

Insomnia: If a person is dealing with insomnia, he finds it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. This condition can be short-term which lasts for a few days or it can be long-term or chronic which lasts for a few months. The reasons for insomnia are stress and some traumatic events, jet lag, hormonal changes, and digestive problems. Three types of insomnia are,

  • Acute insomnia: It is also referred to as adjustment insomnia. It happens due to stress, meeting deadlines, exams, etc. When a person adapts to the stress-causing things and deals with them effectively, this condition can be resolved.
  • Chronic insomnia: It is associated with chronic medical or psychiatric conditions and lasts for more than one month. This condition can be cured with the help of treatment and medicines. Buy medicine online in India from genuine and qualified online pharmacies.
  • Transient insomnia: It is caused by other disorders, changes in the sleep environment, stress, or depression. It can last for a week. This condition can be treated with medicines and therapies.

Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea brings abnormal patterns in breathing during sleep. This is a serious condition and causes the body to take less amount of oxygen. This condition makes the person wake up at the night. Two types of sleep apnea are,

  • Obstructive sleep apnea: When the airway space is obstructed or too narrow, this condition occurs.
  • Central sleep apnea: If there is a problem in the connection between the brain and breath controlling muscles, this situation arises.

Parasomnias: Parasomnias sleep disorder causes abnormal movements, behaviors during sleep. Some of the abnormal behaviors include,

  • Sleepwalking
  • Sleep talking
  • Groaning
  • Nightmares
  • Bedwetting
  • Teeth grinding or jaw clenching

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS): Restless leg syndrome causes an uncomfortable sensation and brings the urge to move the legs while you are trying to fall asleep. This condition may occur in the daytime but it is more prevalent at night, accompanied by tingling sensation in the legs.

RLS is associated with health conditions like ADHD-Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Parkinson's disease, and other underlying causes.

Narcolepsy: This condition is characterized by sleep attacks during waking hours. This means you may suddenly fall asleep without warning. Narcolepsy sleep disorder can cause sleep paralysis-unable to move right after waking up. This condition is associated with neurological disorders and multiple sclerosis.

Treatment for Sleep Disorders: 

Medication, therapies, and a healthy lifestyle can help you to treat sleep disorders. When you are desperate to fall asleep, it may be tempting to reach for a sleeping pill or OTC medicines. They can cure mild sleep problems, but they are not recommended for chronic sleep disorders which happens due to underlying conditions.

Sleeping pills can be used to get relief from sleep problems due to traveling across time zones or recovering from medical procedures. They are most effective to deal with sleep problems. Medications include,

  • Sleeping pills
  • Melatonin supplements
  • Allergy or cold medication, if the sleep problems are due to cold and difficulty in breathing
  • Medications for underlying health issues
  • Breathing device or surgery for sleep apnea
  • A dental guard for teeth grinding

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Apart from medicines, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can improve your sleep. CBT involves changing the behavior and focuses on relaxation skills and changing lifestyle habits. Therapy is an effective way of treating underlying problems such as anxiety, stress, depression. The length of the therapy depends on the type and severity of your sleep disorder. Consult your doctor and talk about CBT of you are dealing with long-term sleep disorders.

Lifestyle changes to prevent sleep problems: 

  • A healthy diet can help you to get quality sleep
  • Try to manage stress and anxiety by relaxing or stretching exercises
  • Stick to a regular sleep schedule
  • Hydrate your body but drink less water before going to bed
  • Limit caffeine intake and sugar intake in the evenings and night time
  • Reduce tobacco use and alcohol consumption
  • Have light meals at night time
  • Maintain a healthy weight by doing simple exercises 
  • Reduce screen time as the blue light emits from smartphones, laptops will damage the eyes and increase the time to fall asleep

Conclusion:

Sleep is one of the essential things to be healthy and active. The effects of long-term sleep deprivation are severe to treat. So it is important to identify the reasons for sleep problems and finding remedies for it. If sleep problems are due to underlying conditions, talk to your doctor, and follow regular medication. Visit the best online pharmacy which is 3MEDS, to order medicines online in India.

If you do not have quality sleep, you may not be able to deliver quality work. So make healthy lifestyle changes and maintain a regular sleep schedule.