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Pre-menstrual Syndrome (Pms) : Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

19 September, 2020 Pooja Kumari

Overview

Pre-menstrual syndrome is the occurrence of a group of symptoms between ovulation and periods. This generally may occur about one or two weeks before the period. These symptoms generally include tender breasts, bloating in stomach, food cravings, mood swings, fatigue, irritability, and depression. In general, these symptoms occur due to an increase in the level of estrogen and progesterone.

According to an estimation, 3 out of every 4 women have experienced some or the other kind of pre-menstrual syndrome. Hence it affects more than 90% of menstruating women who are affected by premenstrual syndrome. More than 10 million cases are found every year in India every year.

Severeness of the pre-menstrual syndrome depends upon women to women, in some women it may be so severe that it affects their daily lifestyle and they get off to their work while some women are not bothered by the symptoms, they continue their usual routine.

You do not have to let these symptoms control your life rather you can control these symptoms with the help of some treatment and medicines.

It is more likely to affect women in their late 20s and mid-40s, who have a higher level of stress, who have a family history of depression or individual history of postpartum depression or depression.

Symptoms of Pre-menstrual Syndrome (Pms)

Symptoms may differ from women to women depending upon their personal health and medical condition. It can be divided into physical and emotional symptoms.

Physical symptoms of PMS

  •  Cramps
  • Tender or swollen breasts
  • Bloating or a gassy feeling
  • Headache or backache
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Clumsiness
  • Lower tolerance for noise and light
  • Acne or pimples
  • Weight gain
  • Oily skin
  • Joint pain

Emotional Symptoms of Pms

  • Depressed mood
  • Anxiety or stress
  • Mood swings
  • Trouble falling asleep
  • Poor concentration
  • Hostile behaviour

Appetite changes such as food cravings specially for sweets

  • Less interest in sex
  • Crying spells
  • Feeling of tiredness
  • Social withdrawal
  • Increased napping

Causes of Pre-menstrual Syndrome

Doctors do not know the exact reason for pre-menstrual syndrome but several factors may play a role in this, such as:-

  • Change in hormones: Hormonal fluctuations can lead to signs and symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome.
  • Chemical changes in the brain: Serotonin hormone plays a vital role in mood states and when it fluctuates or changes its level it may cause the pre-menstrual syndrome symptoms.
  • Depression: Women with undiagnosed depression can have the pre-menstrual syndrome.

Home Remedies for Pre-menstrual Syndrome

  • Aerobic physical activity: Exercise helps to relax your mind and get rid of symptoms such as depression, difficulty in concentration, and fatigue.

  • Go on for healthy food: Avoid food and drinks which contain a heavy amount of caffeine, salt, and sugar at least two weeks before your periods, this will help you to lessen the symptoms.
  • Get good sleep: Try to have a good sleep of 7 to 8 hours since a lack of good sleep can lead you to depression, anxiety, and stress and can result in a worsen form of PMS symptoms.
  • Manage your stress: Several options are there to manage your stress like keep yourself busy, try to communicate with your friends and family, meditation, yoga postures and massages are very helpful.
  • Quit smoking: Women who do smoking face worse symptoms of PMS compared to women who do not smoke.

When to See Your Doctor

When the home remedies do not work and you start to see the symptoms in your daily life, if these symptoms are acting as a barrier in your daily activities then you should see your doctor. The doctor will suggest treatment according to the severeness of your symptoms and your medical condition.

Medications for Pms

Taking the following medications can help you to get relief from PMS symptoms. Follow home remedies and take some medicines to manage the symptoms and get your essential medicines from 3MEDS, an online chemist shop. Don’t stress over the symptoms rather try to manage it. Be positive be healthy.

  • Analgesics (Pain killers): Commonly these medicines are given for menstrual cramps, headaches, and pelvic discomfort. The most effective Analgesic drug is Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Diuretics: This medicine increases the rate of urine production and hence eliminates the excess fluids from the body tissues.
  • Benzodiazepines: This is not a fine-line treatment for PMS rather it is used to relieve the symptoms of PMS.
  • Ovarian suppressors: They are used to suppress ovarian hormone production. Danazol (Danocrine) medicine is one of the

examples of this group.

  • Oral contraceptive pills: It has been approved by the FDA that these pills can be used for PMS treatment.
  • Antidepressants: These medicines are widely used to treat the mood disturbances during PMS.

Outlook

It is a disorder that is common among all the women between the late 20s and mid-40s. Fluctuations in hormonal levels are the most common reason behind PMS but the exact reason is still known.