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Phobias: Causes, Types, Treatment, & More

19 September, 2020 Saisha Ajmani

People have had several fears since their childhood. Mental health is one of the most important subjects that the world needs to take into consideration. It is like any other illness but sadly the statistics don't prove so. Mental illnesses affect 19% of the adult population, 46% of teenagers, and 13% of children every year. However less than half receive proper treatment with medication. 

Phobias fall under anxiety disorders. And all of this is of utmost importance because if your brain isn’t healthy, your body will automatically stop responding. This can happen to anyone, maybe the kid in your neighbor or someone from your own house, workplace, or even school. Mental illness cannot and should not be neglected, because like any other organ of your body the brain which is the most important part needs an equal amount of attention on a regular basis. 

During this pandemic, there are more chances of people getting prone to depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses and phobias. Maintaining social distancing norms can make a lot of people feel lonely which in turn would increase stress and fear of a new disease. If we ignore the symptoms of mental illness there can be a greater risk of an unhealthy mind and individual indulging in social stigmas revolving around mental health. 

What is Phobia? 

Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder defined by a continuous and extreme fear of an object or situation. Phobias typically result in a rapid onset of fear and generally prevail for more than 6 months. 

Family Cases Suggest Genetic Links?

It is said by healthcare professionals that if a specific family member has phobia then you are at an increased and high risk for a phobia. A lot many times relatives of someone with a specific anxiety disorder are most likely to develop the same disorder.

According to many studies, twin studies show that if one twin has any specific phobia, the second twin has a 39% chance of developing the same phobia.

You can also download the 3MEDS app, it is the best online pharmacy app in India, for free healthcare advice from professionals. 

Types of phobias? 

There are a variety of phobia’s but below mentioned are the most common one’s - 

AGORAPHOBIA 

this is considered a fear of places or situations that you can’t escape. The word itself refers to “fear of open spaces.” People with this fear are scared of being in large crowds or being trapped outside the home. They often avoid social situations or gatherings altogether and stay inside their homes.

Many people with agoraphobia are scared that they may have a panic attack in a place that they can’t escape. Those with chronic health problems may fear that they might have a medical emergency in a public area or where no help is available. 

SOCIAL PHOBIA 

This kind of phobia also called a social anxiety disorder. It is considered extreme worry about social situations and it can lead to self-isolation also. Social phobia can be so severe and scary that the simplest interactions, such as ordering at a cafe and going out for a party, can cause panic. People with this phobia can often go out of their way to avoid public situations and to be alone.

OPHIDIOPHOBIA 

This type of phobia is considered as the fear of snakes. This phobia is very common and is often characterized due to personal experiences or cultural influences. Many people say that many times snakes are poisonous, our ancestors who avoided such dangers were more likely to survive and pass down their genes. 

A lot of other people suggest that the fear of snakes might arise out of an inherent fear of disease and contamination. Many studies have shown that these animals tend to provoke a disgust response that makes a person feels uncomfortable, which might explain why snake phobias are so common yet people tend not to exhibit similar phobias of dangerous animals such as lions or tigers.

Treatment or Prevention

There are many ways to treat your phobias including medications and taking anti-depressants for stress and depression as they are major symptoms of this disorder. You can download the 3MEDS app, it is the best medicine app in India, to buy online genuine medicines, that too at a discounted rate. 

You can also talk to your loved ones. This is the best possible way to get rid of disorders at any given point in time. And this pandemic gives the person a chance to spend time with their family members and promote healthy conversations. This will enable us to speak our hearts out.

Conclusion 

The whole pandemic makes the situation worse for the patients suffering from phobia’s, as they have to deal with a lot of side effects by staying at home. But maintaining a positive attitude and by staying connected to your friends and therapist, one will be able to better handle the situation.