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Hormone Replacement Therapy: Benefits, Risks, and Side Effects

17 September, 2020 kritika tak

What is Hormone Replacement Therapy?

Women experiencing menopause suffer from various irritable and frustrating symptoms such as pain during sex, hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. Consequently, to ease these symptoms, women take Hormone Replacement Therapy or HRT. One of the plus points of taking HRT is, it guards women against the medical condition known as osteoporosis.

When one, should avoid this therapy?

  • If one had a stroke or heart attack
  • Facing problems with vaginal bleeding
  • Having conditions like - blood clots
  • During pregnancy
  • If one, suffered from any kind, of cancer.
  • If one is suffering from any kind, of liver disease

What are the benefits of receiving hormone therapy (HT)?

There are various benefits of taking hormone therapy, some of them include - 

  • Vaginal dryness which leads to painful intercourse
  • Treatment saves one from hot flashes.
  • Bothersome symptoms of menopause ( dry & itchy skin or night sweats)

 Other benefits of taking HT include:

  • Lowers the risk of colon cancer
  • Reduces risk of contracting of bone breakage
  • Lowers the risk of diabetes
  • Reduces risk of contracting osteoporosis
  • Increases overall sense of mental well-being in women
  • Reduced tooth loss
  • General improvement in joint pains
  • Betterment in, one's mood 
  • It even lowers the death rate of women (who take hormone therapy in their 50s)

Risks of Taking Hormone Therapy?

Hormone Replacement Therapy or HT helps a lot of women to ease out the process of menopause. But the treatment is not entirely risk-free. These health risks include - 

  • It increases the chances of gallbladder/gallstone problems.
  • It might increase the risk of endometrial cancer (only when - woman still has her uterus and is not taking a progestin with estrogen).
  • It also increases the risk of blood clots and stroke. Nevertheless, no such condition has taken place in those women - who are within five years of menopause. 
  • Increased risk of dementia. Only if, hormone therapy was, initiated after a woman has been in menopause for ten years. 

What Are Its Side Effects?

Side effects of estrogen

side effects of taking estrogen include:

  • Headaches
  • Swelling in other parts of the body
  • Bloating
  • Leg cramps
  • Breast tenderness or swelling
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Feeling sick, and 
  • Indigestion

If you feel any of the above side effects, it's time to consult your doctor.

Take those prescribed medications on time, and if you want hose at your doorstep, download 3MEDS the best app for medicine delivery Delhi

Ways to ease these side effects are:

  • Regular workout and exercises or even stretching (helps in - leg cramps)
  • Consuming a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet (helps in - reducing breast tenderness)
  • Taking your estrogen dose with food (helps in - reducing the feelings of sickness and indigestion)

Side effects of progestogen

side effects of taking progestogen include:

  • Pimples and acne
  • Pain in the abdominal region.
  • Back pain
  • Breast tenderness
  • Swelling in other parts of the body
  • Mood swings
  • Headaches or migraines
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Depression

The above problems will usually pass after a few weeks.

In case they continue, a GP may recommend -

  • Switching to a different way of taking progestogen, or 
  • Change of tablets one's taking,
  • Lowering your dose.

What are the other problems and how to tackle them?

Weight gain

It is presumed by many women, that taking HRT will make them fat and add those extra kilos, but there's yet no proof or data to support this notion. As one may even gain some weight during the menopause, but this often happens regardless of whether you take HRT.

How to deal with it?

  • Eat healthy food and a balanced diet 
  • Exercise regularly.


HRT or Hormone Replacement Therapy is a smart way to deal with menopause, but do remember this treatment comes with a set of cautions. Take care of your self and make sure you are following all the instructions given by your health care provider. In case of any medical emergency, visit 3MEDS, and order medication online.