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How Vitamin D Deficiency is Becoming a General Form

20 June, 2020 Arpita Karmakar

In our day to day busy life, we often shun the sun or adhere to strict vegan diets and make us prone to Vitamin D deficiency. Known broadly as the sunshine vitamin, the fat-soluble vitamin D is produced by the body when our skin is being exposed to sunlight.

 

Why is Vitamin D important?

 

It helps the body use calcium from the diet and is essential for strong bones.

It decreases the chance of developing heart disease.

It helps to reduce the likelihood of developing the flu.

 

Causes of the deficiency-

There are a number of causes as to why a deficiency of vitamin D occurs in our body. 3MEDS, the best online pharmacy presents some of the common causes of the deficiency -

-Inadequate exposure to sunlight.

-Dietary deficiency of vitamin D.

-The inability of the kidneys to convert vitamin D in its active form.

-Side effects of certain medicines that prevent the body from conversion or absorption of vitamin D.

-The inability of skin to absorb vitamin D.

 

Sources of vitamin D-

Broadly, there are three sources of vitamin D-

 

Exposure to sunlight.

Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin that is produced from cholesterol in the skin when it’s exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) rays from the Sun.

 

Vitamin D rich diets.

Only a few foods are naturally rich in vitamin D.

Fatty fish like salmon, tuna, etc.

egg yolk

shrimp

milk and cheese

Fortified foods like cereals, soy drinks, orange juice, yogurt, etc

 

External supplements.

 

Vitamin D is also present in external pills, supplements, etc consumed at a doctor's recommendation. You can buy Medicare and healthcare products online from the best medical store home delivery app at a discounted rate.

 

 

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency-

  1. Repeatedly Getting Sick or Infected.
  2. Excessive Tiredness and Fatigue.
  3. Bone and lower back and muscle pain.
  4. Depression and mood swings.
  5. Slower healing of wounds.
  6. Low bone density.
  7. Hair loss.
  8. Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.

 

Daily requirement of Vitamin D-

 

The daily suggested vitamin D intake is

400 IU (10 mcg) for infants under 1year of age.

600 IU (15 mcg) for  children and adults of about  1–70 years old

800 IU (20 mcg) for aged people above 70 years and pregnant or breastfeeding women.

 

Who are at risk of the deficiency-

  1. Patients who have had gastric bypass surgery at any point.
  2. People who smoke reduce the conversion of vitamin D into its active form.
  3. People with severe obesity problems.
  4. Aging decreases the skin's ability to absorb vitamin D.
  5. Polluted particles in the air blocking the sun rays from reaching the body.
  6. Cancerous patients such as melanoma and lymphoma.
  7. Dark-skinned people have less ability to absorb vitamin D from sunlight

 

 

Consequences of Vitamin D deficiency-

  1. Rickets-

Rickets is a condition resulting in softening and weakening of bones in children due to deficiency of vitamin D which is because of reduced absorption of calcium and phosphorus.

  1. Cancer-

A vitamin D deficiency correlates with prostate, breast, and ovarian cancer due to reduced calcium and potassium level.

  1. Heart disease-

There is a direct possible connection of vitamin D deficiency with diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure and autoimmune conditions.

  1. Cognitive disorder-

Vitamin D eases a number of symptoms in people suffering from clinical depression and a deficiency of vitamin D causes cognitive disorders.

  1. Osteoporosis-

Due to vitamin D deficiency, there occurs a loss of bone density leading to osteoporosis and broken bones.

 

 

Preventive measures -

 

Treatment for vitamin D deficiency requires getting more vitamin D through exposure to sun, diet and supplements.

 

Those with lower levels of Vitamin D must increase their intake to reduce depression and improve strength.

 

Our skin is known to produce vitamin D when it is exposed to sunlight.

Dietary foods such as fatty fish, fish oil, and liver also contain vitamin D.

Certain fortified foods and supplements also help in increasing Vitamin D levels in the body.

 

This Deficiency is fairly common due to limited sunlight exposure and lesser vitamin D rich dietary sources. Hence it's important to spend much time in the sun, maintain a proper diet  and in severe cases consider supplementing.