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Everything You Need to Know About Cancer - 3meds

16 September, 2020 Mansi

Cancer allows cells to divide uncontrollably which results in tumors, immune system damage, and other fatal impairment. It is a broad term and describes the illness that caused due to cellular changes results in uncontrolled growth and division of cells. Some types of cancer show the visible growth called tumors, while some don’t. Every cell has specific functions and a fixed lifespan. After the death of a cell, it got replaced by a new cell that performs the functions better. Cancerous cells don’t allow the cells to stop dividing and to die. As a result, the cells continue to grow and use oxygen and nutrients that would nourish other cells. The cells can form tumors and prevent the body from regular functioning. Cancerous cells first start to form in one area and then spread via the lymph nodes.

Symptoms of Cancer

The signs and symptoms of cancer depend on its types, location, and where the cells spread. The symptoms of cancer include:

  • Change in bladder habits
  • A sore throat that does not heal
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge
  • Indigestion and difficulty swallowing
  • Unusual loss of weight and appetite
  • Fatigue, nausea, or vomiting
  • Low-grade fevers
  • Persistent muscle and joint pains
  • Causes of Cancer

There are many causes of cancer, both preventable and non-preventable. The preventable causes include:

  • Smoking
  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • Physical inactivity
  • Poor nutrition

Other causes of cancer can’t be prevented. Age is the biggest unpreventable factor. However, cancer can occur at any age, but it is most likely to happen in people ages 50 years or older. Genetic factors can also contribute to the growth of cancer. A person’s genetic code instructs the cells when to divide and die. Changes in the genes can mislead the cells and cause cancer.

Different Types of Cancer

There are over 200 types of different cancer known worldwide. Cancer can form in any body part. Here are some different types of cancer that can be commonly found:

Carcinoma

Cancer begins in the skin or tissues that line cover internal organs. Cancer will form in the skin, ovaries, lungs, pancreas, and colon.

Sarcoma

Cancer begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, and other connective tissues

Leukemia

Cancer begins in blood-forming tissues such as bone marrow and causes the production of abnormal blood cells.

Central Nervous System Cancer

Cancer starts in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord.

Treatment of Cancer

Doctors prescribe treatment and medication based on the stage, type of cancer, and overall health. Here are some approaches to the treatment of cancer:

Chemotherapy helps in killing cancerous with medications. The medicines help shrink tumors but have severe side effects.

Hormone therapy involves taking certain drugs that change the working of certain hormones and the body’s ability to produce them.

Precise medication is a new and developing approach. It involves genetic testing to determine the best treatment and medication for a person. The medicine is prescribed according to the genes of a person. For saving time and efforts, you can buy prescribed medicine online.

Surgery is also a part of treating cancer in many cases. The surgeon may remove lymph nodes to prevent the spreading of the disease.

Preventive Ways to Reduce Cancer Risk

There are no specific ways to prevent cancer, but some preventive measures can reduce the risk of cancer:

Say No to Smoking

Quit smoking because it can cause several types of cancer, not just lung cancer. Stopping smoking can reduce the risk of cancer.

Avoid Excessive Sun Exposure

Harmful ultra-violet rays can increase the risk of skin cancer. Limit sun exposure by applying sunscreen or wearing protective clothing.

Schedule Cancer Screening Tests

Talk to the doctor about cancer types and what type of screening tests is best for you according to the risk factors.

Maintain a Healthy Diet and Weight

A healthy diet and weight also can reduce the risk of cancer. Being obese may increase the risk of cancer. Exercise daily and choose a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and proteins.

Conclusion

Cancer is not a simple illness. It needs time and patience to recover from cancer. Genetic factors and lifestyle also affect the growth of cells. If cancer is diagnosed in early-stages, it can be treated by other therapies and medications. One can buy online medicine and follow the instructions of the doctor. Survival rates of cancer are now improving and all thanks to improvements in cancer screening and treatment.