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Everything You Need to Know About Bone Marrow Transplant

12 September, 2020 Sneha Lokwani

Bone marrow may be a new term for some people. For this reason, when they have trouble with this part, they do not understand at that time how to treat it. Usually, most people confuse the problem of bone marrow with the pain of bones. However, when this pain starts increasing after some time, then their discomfort increases, and in that case, the only option left is a bone marrow transplant. Due to a lack of knowledge of bone marrow in people, they are not able to take advantage of it, due to which the situation becomes worse. Read this blog to know more about bone marrow transplants.

What is a Bone Marrow Transplant?

Bone marrow transplant refers to the medical procedure in which bone marrow is replaced. When a person's bone marrow worsens due to disease, infection, or chemotherapy, etc., in that case the bone marrow is transplanted. After bone marrow transplantation, treatment and medications should be completed until and unless the doctor says otherwise. Buy medications from 3MEDS, one of the best online pharmacy companies in India.

Types Of  Bone Marrow Transplant? 

Although a bone marrow transplant may prove beneficial for a person suffering from bone marrow problems, people need to know what kind of bone marrow transplant will prove to be right before it is done. There are mainly 2 types of bone marrow transplants, which are as follows-

  • Autologous Transplant- When a stem cell is performed by a person undergoing a bone marrow transplant to perform this transplant, it is called an autologous transplant. However, this only performed when the person who does it has bone marrow health.
  • Allogenic transplant- When donor bone marrow is taken in a bone marrow transplant, it is called an allogeneic transplant. In this process, only the close relative of the person undergoing the bone marrow transplant is chosen as the donor. Allogeneic transplants are performed when a person's bone marrow completely deteriorates.

Why is a Bone Marrow Transplant Done?

Bone marrow transplant is not recommended to all people, but doctors only do bone marrow transplant of those people who are struggling with these 5 conditions-

  • Suffering from aplastic anemia- Bone marrow transplant is mainly done to people who suffer from aplastic anemia. Aplastic anemia refers to a condition when a person does not have enough blood cells in his body.
  • Bone cancer- Often, a bone marrow transplant is also done to a person suffering from bone cancer. Bone cancer also affects the marrow, due to which the only option remains to replace it.
  • Side-effects of chemotherapy- As we all know that a lot of chemotherapy sessions are done during the treatment of cancer. However, some people with cancer have side effects of chemotherapy, due to which they have to face a lot of trouble. In this case, a bone marrow transplant may prove a better solution.
  • Suffering from lymphoma- If a person is suffering from cancer called lymphoma, the doctor recommends a bone marrow transplant. When the lymph node in a human body becomes enlarged, it is called lymphoma in medical language.
  • Genetic causes of bone marrow- Apart from the above reasons, a bone marrow transplant is also done on those who have genetic causes.

How to Prepare Before a Bone Marrow is Transplanted?

Bone marrow is a very sensitive process that needs to be taken care of. In such a situation, these 4 tasks are done before starting this process, so that the bone marrow transplant can be done successfully-

  • Tests- Some tests such as blood tests, X-rays, sugar, etc. are done to the person who performs the bone marrow transplant before starting it. Through these tests, it is confirmed that a bone marrow transplant can be performed on that person.
  • Creating Central Line - If the doctor feels that bone marrow is done on a person, then the next step is to make the central line. Doctors insert a catheter into the person's chest or neck vein, which remains out of the body during the bone marrow transplant procedure. The central line is helpful in giving medicine and healthy bone marrow cells to the person receiving the bone marrow transplant.
  • Carrying out chemotherapy or radiation therapy- Chemotherapy or radiation therapy is also done after making the central line. By this, the cancer cells present in the body are destroyed so that bone marrow cancer can be done correctly. However, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may weaken the immunity of a person, allowing the body of the person undergoing a bone marrow transplant.
  • Medication - After doing tests, therapy, central line, etc. Buy medications from 3MEDSBest Indian Pharmacy Store Delhi