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Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

12 September, 2020 Saisha

Bile duct cancer is considered a very lethal and dangerous form of cancer that prevails in the human body. Sadly bile duct cancer which belongs to the cancer family is not been given much attention. This is one reason why there are so many deaths due to bile duct cancer every year. When a person is diagnosed with this type of cancer there is very little chance of surviving and hence the death rate is rapidly increasing all over the world. 

If one is in the early stages of bile duct cancer then there are still chances that they can be saved but if there is even the slightest delay, a person’s life can be at stake. This is why everyone should be aware of this illness because every life is precious. 

What is Cancer? 

Cancer is the unstoppable growth of abnormal cells in any part of the body. These abnormal cells are known as cancer cells, Malignant cells, and tumor cells. These cells can enter in normal body tissues. Cancer cells can break away from this original mass of cells and enter through the blood and lymph system, and penetrate in other organs where they can repeat the same process.

You can also download the 3MEDS app, it is an online pharmacy store in India and is a supplier for anti-cancer medicines, for buying genuine medicines that too at a discounted price.

What is Cholangiocarcinoma / Bile Duct Cancer? 

This type of cancer is formed in the slender tubes which are the bile ducts that carry the digestive fluid called bile. These ducts connect the liver to the gallbladder and then to the small intestine in your body. This condition is also known as bile duct cancer which is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs mostly in people who are above the age 50, though it can occur at any age.

Types of Bile Duct Cancer?

Professionals have divided cholangiocarcinoma into different groups based on where cancer occurs in the bile ducts in the human body :

  • Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma- this type of cancer occurs in the parts of the bile ducts within the liver.
  • Hilar cholangiocarcinoma- this type of cancer occurs in the bile ducts just outside of the liver. It is also called perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.
  • Distal cholangiocarcinoma - this type of cancer occurs in the portion of the bile duct nearest the small intestine in the human body.

Symptoms of Bile Duct Cancer 

This cancer is very difficult to diagnose and predict as it often comes with no specific signs or symptoms. This type of cancer has chances to go unnoticed and its symptoms are visible only when cancer reaches the advanced stage. In most of the cases, the symptoms start to show when cancer starts to spread in the body. 

Some of the common symptoms are listed below - 

  • Jaundice - This disease blocks the ducts that release the bile juice into the body, the bile juice then starts to accumulate in the blood, causing the eyes and skin of the individual to turn yellowish. This is a condition of jaundice.
  • Abdominal pain - This area is below the ribs but above the pelvis, this can result in pain in your stomach, which may cause pain in your abdomen.
  • Fatigue - This generally happens to victims of stomach cancer. The immune system due to the untested fight and functioning of the body gets tired. This situation causes a general weakness in the body.
  • Unintended Weight Loss - There is a sudden loss of weight in patients suffering from bile duct cancer and this is also a very common symptom among other types of cancers. 

Prevention and Treatment 

There are a lot of ways in which bile duct cancer can be treated. Starting from surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or different combinations of these. The most common prevention related to this disease is that one should stop drinking alcohol completely and a person should also quit smoking. There are different gums and medicines available that can help you get rid of this habit. You can also download the 3MEDS app, it is an online pharmacy store in India and is a supplier for anti-cancer medicines, for health care advice from professions. Secondly, an individual should follow a balanced diet, no matter what in general life also people should prefer home-cooked food and a healthy lifestyle. 

Conclusion

Cancer, be it from any category is a tough battle to fight! There are many complications and hardships the patient has to go through during this battle. 

It is important to maintain a healthy and positive lifestyle throughout your life. 

Liver cancer has serious symptoms and it is recommended that one should go for regular checkups so that the cancer is treated at the early stage.