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Vaginal Atrophy: Symptoms , Causes and Prevention

10 September, 2020 Kajal Bhavsar Bhatt

Vaginal atrophy or atrophic vaginitis is the thinning, drying, and inflammation of the vaginal walls that can be caused when your body has fewer amounts of estrogen. Vaginal atrophy takes place most often after just after the duration of menopause.

Actually vaginal atrophy does not only makes intercourse painful but also leads to distressing urinary symptoms in every woman. As the condition causes both vaginal and urinary symptoms, doctors are using the term "genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM)" to describe vaginal atrophy and its accompanying symptoms.

Effective and easy treatments for GSM are available. Reduced estrogen levels result in making changes to your body, but that does not conclude you have to live with the discomfort of GSM for the lifetime.

What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Atrophy?

  • Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) signs and symptoms include:
  • dryness of vagina
  • burning in vagina
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Genital itching
  • Burning while urination
  • Urgency for urination
  • Frequent quick urination
  • Recurrent urinary tract infection
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Light bleeding just after intercourse
  • Discomfort while intercourse
  • Decreased vaginal lubrication while sexual activity
  • Shortening and tightening of the vaginal canal

When to see a doctor when you think you're going through a Vaginal Atrophy?

Many postmenopausal women feel pain in GSM. But only a few of them seek proper treatment. Some women may feel embarrassed to discuss their symptoms with their doctors and may start bearing themselves to live with these symptoms.

You must make an appointment with the doctor if you have any kind of unexplained or unwanted extra vaginal spotting or bleeding, unusual discharge, burning, or even soreness.

Also, make an appointment to see your doctor if you experience unwanted painful intercourse that can not be resolved by using a vaginal moisturizer. Some of the useful vaginal moisturizers are K-Y Liquibeads, Replens, and Sliquid or use a water-based lubricant like Astroglide, K-Y Jelly, and Sliquid or others. Buy vaginal moisturizers and water-based lubricants for better vaginal health online using the best online medicine purchase app.

What are the Causes of Vaginal Atrophy?

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause is caused by a decreased amount in the production of estrogen. Less estrogen can be responsible to make your vaginal tissues thinner, drier, less elastic, and more fragile. It can give birth to vaginal atrophy.

  • A drop in the production of estrogen levels may occur:
  • After the menopause
  • During the years of leading up to menopause, which is called premenopause.
  • After surgical removal of both ovaries, which is surgical menopause
  • During the breast-feeding to the child
  • While taking some medications which might affect estrogen levels, like some birth control pills
  • After the pelvic radiation therapy for curing cancer
  • After chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer

GSM signs and symptoms can begin to bother you during the duration of years leading up to menopause, or they may not become a major problem until several years into menopause. Although the condition is very common, not all menopausal women feel GSM. Regular sexual activity, with or without a partner, can really benefit you to maintain healthy vaginal tissues and prevent disease.

Certain factors may give birth to GSM, such as:


Cigarette smoking badly affects your blood circulation, and it can lessen the flow of blood and oxygen towards the vagina and other nearby areas. Smoking can also reduce the effects of the natural production of estrogens in your body. To get rid of smoking habits buy an herbal cigarette, menthol cigarettes, or clove cigarettes using next day delivery online medicines app.

These healthy versions of cigarettes help to reduce the addiction slowly and finally you can get rid of the smoking habit by replacing it with this. Just give it a try.

No vaginal births

Researchers have seen that women who have never given birth vaginally have more chances to develop GSM symptoms than women who have had vaginal deliveries in their past.

Lack of sexual activity

Sexual activity, with or without a partner helps in increasing blood flow and becomes beneficial to make your vaginal tissues more elastic for better health.

What are the complications related to vaginal atrophy?

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause has chances to increases your risk of:

Infections in vagina

Changes in the acid balance or pH balance of your vagina give birth to vaginal infections more likely.

Urinary problems. Urinary changes linked with GSM can be responsible for urinary problems. You might have felt increased frequency or urgency of urination or burning with urination frequently. Some women may experience more urinary tract infections or urine leakage (incontinence) during this disease.

How can we Prevent Vaginal Atrophy?

This information was given by 3MEDS the best online herbal medicines store in India. To prevent vaginal atrophy here we have given a few suggestions

By being engaged in regular sexual activities, either with or without a partner; is considered to be helpful to prevent genitourinary syndrome of menopause. Sexual activity increases the blood flow towards your vagina, which helps keep vaginal tissues healthy and fit.