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All About Anal Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

05 September, 2020 Gehna Kapoor

The anal canal is a short channel at the end of the rectum. It is through this channel that we pass out solid waste from our body. Anal cancer is the condition when the cells of the anal canal mutate and multiply abnormally. Anal cancer is rather uncommon. Almost half of the anal cancer cases are diagnosed before cancer has to other parts of the body. If anal cancer is diagnosed in the early stages, it is highly treatable. In light of the above, the current article intends to discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment for anal cancer.

Causes of Anal Cancer

There are various causes and circumstances that can cause or increase the risk of anal cancer in the body. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Accumulation of abnormal cells in the anal canal of the body.

  2. HPV: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection. This infection can cause warts in the anal canal which can later become cancerous in nature.

  3. People who have a weak immune system due to other preexisting diseases like HIV or AIDS are also more prone to developing anal cancer.

  4. Anal sex: People who engage in receptive anal sex are more prone to developing anal cancer.

  5. Smoking: Smoking cigarettes also increases the risk of developing anal cancer.

  6. History of cancer in the cervix or vaginal and increase the chances of developing anal cancer.

  7. Anal cancer can also occur if cancer reaches the anal canal from some other part of the body.

Signs and Symptoms associated with Anal Cancer

The following are some of the Signs and Symptoms associated with Anal Cancer:

  1. Anal bleeding is the most common symptom of anal cancer

  2. Itching

  3. Pain in the anal area

  4. Unusual discharge from the anal

  5. A lump near the anus

  6. Thin stools

The diagnosis and treatment for anal canal cancer can be delayed as anal bleeding and itching also indicate hemorrhoids.

Diagnosis for Anal Cancer

  1. Cancer may be detected during a procedure to remove what is thought to be hemorrhoid.

  2. Pap smear test may also be used to collect cells for laboratory testing.

  3. The cancer way also is detected during an anoscopy or endorectal ultrasound.

  4. If the doctor notices abnormal growth or tumor in the digital images, the doctor may perform a biopsy to test the tissue in the laboratory.

  5. Following this, the doctor may perform a CT scan, MRI scan, etc. to see the position of the cancer cells and the extent to which they have spread.

Treatment for Anal Cancer

There are several treatment methods that are used to destroy the cancer cells in the anal canal.

  1. Chemotherapy: Specialized drugs are either injected into the body or taken through mouth to prevent the cancer cells from growing. You can buy anti-cancer medicines and injections online at low cost from 3MEDS.

  2. Surgery: Surgery is usually used to remove the tumor and surrounding affected tissues from the anus.

  3. Radiotherapy: Radiation therapy is also used in the treatment of anal cancer.

Bottom Line

While the genetic mutations are not under our control, one can take measures to make sure that they do not increase their risk of developing anal cancer. You can practice safe sex to prevent catching HPV infection. You should also get vaccinated against HPV. You can also consider quitting smoking if you smoke to reduce your chances of developing anal cancer.

If you already have anal cancer it is very important to complete the course of the treatment for the best result. You can conveniently buy anti-cancer medicines online from 3MEDS. After the completion of the treatment, it is very important to stay alert and notice the changes in the body because anal cancer can recur. In the case of recurrence, cancer should be detected as soon as possible to avoid it from spreading to other parts of the body.