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Paraganglioma : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

04 September, 2020 Janvi Patel

A paraganglioma is a type of tumor that is reported to be a rare tumor that begins in certain nerve cells that are dispersed throughout the body of the affected individual. This type of tumor is reported that it can affect people of any age but most often it shows up it affects the individuals between the ages of 30 and 50. The tumor is found to be often slow-growing and noncancerous which is commonly known as benign in nature. But it is also found that it can invade nearby parts of the body which become cancerous and it is commonly known as malignant in nature and can spread distantly which in biology is called metastasizing.

It is reported that with about half of paraganglioma tumors, the abnormal cells are found to produce hormones that are commonly known as catecholamines and adrenaline and which is the fight-or-flight hormone in the person. This may induce symptoms like high blood pressure, a rapid heartbeat, flushed skin, sweating, headache, and tremors that happen in the affected individual.

The treatment of the paraganglioma includes medications, radiation therapy, surgery, etc. in which there includes the use of certain drugs, so for drugs and related medications you may contact the 3Meds, the best online pharmacy in Delhi.

Causes of the paraganglioma :

It is reported that cancer begins with a genetic mutation or in common termed as an error occurs in the cells that allow normal and healthy cells to continue growing without responding to the signals which tell to stop growing which normal cells do and form groups of cells in that area. Cancer cells are found to grow and multiply out of control by forming a group of cells. This type of accumulation of abnormal cells which form a mass and this is termed as a tumor. And in some case tumor may spread to different places and affect their function adversely.

And paraganglioma is a type of cancer that begins in the nerve cells present in the human body.

Symptoms of the Paraganglioma :

  • Anxiety attacks
  • Fever
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Extreme paleness in the face
  • Shortness of breath
  • The occurrence of tremors and shakiness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Clammy skin
  • Constipation
  • Tingling fingers
  • Vision disturbances
  • The occurrence of chest and stomach pain
  • Weight loss
  • High blood sugar levels

So above were some of the symptoms which may vary depending on the location of the tumor in the affected person. So if anyone pursues any type of symptoms then in that case they can contact their doctor regarding it.

Diagnosis of the paraganglioma :

  1. The first thing is blood and urine test which will help to measure the hormone level and diagnose the paraganglioma.
  2. The second thing is the imaging tests. Imaging test includes CT scan, MRI test, PET scan, etc. to diagnose the paraganglioma.
  3. The third thing is genetic testing in which the altered gene in the affected individuals is tested along with it is recommended to interact with a genetic counselor.

Treatment of the paraganglioma :

  1. The first thing is a surgery where the tumor is removed from the body of the affected individual. Now there occurs some situations where the tumor is spread to other places in that situation also tumor is removed to reduce its size.
  2. The second thing is medications where there occurs the use of certain medications against the symptoms of paraganglioma. For drugs and related medications, you may contact the cancer medicines provider in Delhi.
  3. The third thing is radiation therapy where there occurs the use of high energy beams such as X-rays, etc. to kill the cancerous cells.

Conclusion:

So here were the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the paraganglioma. Paraganglioma is related to nerve cells which are present in the human. The symptoms of the paraganglioma are shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, fever, constipation, weight loss, high blood sugar level, etc. so if anyone persists any type of the symptoms then in that case you can consult your doctor regarding it. After which the diagnosis can be performed and then treatment is done to cure it in the early stage instead of waiting for it to become large enough and the situation becomes difficult. So stay healthy and stay safe.