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Athletic Injuries: Types, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

03 September, 2020 Riya Vaja

Athletic Injuries are the physical traumas that the body may go through during the conduct of any sports activity (s). They can be quite painful and lead to fractures and other medical consequences like sprains, knee injury, swollen muscles, dislocations in the body, strains, etc. Nevertheless, a sportsman is never afraid to play because the benefits of sports outweigh greatly to the risks associated with it. 

What Are the Types of Sports Injuries

There are several types and it is difficult to explain each one of them. Therefore, we classified these injuries into 3 main categories as below:-

Acute Injuries - 

These injuries occur suddenly that results from physical activities like slipping, tripping, etc. It causes instability or a change in the body that may prevent other parts of the body to function properly. The most common acute injuries include strains, which cause swelling and pain in the muscles; Ankle sprains, that occur after bending the foot at an odd angle; and dislocations where the joints are dislocated from the body. 

Overuse Injuries - 

As its name suggests, Overuse Injuries happen when any activity is done excessively on a repeated basis. There may be little or no pain in the beginning since symptoms of such injuries occur over a while. They may result from high training loads, tight competition schedules, and insufficient recovery time. 

Overuse Injuries may include Elbow and Arm injuries, which can cause strains and fractures; IT band syndrome, most common among runners who experience a tight or inflamed iliotibial band (a thick band of connective tissue that runs from the outside of your hip to the outside of your knee); Shoulder injury; Ulnar neuropathy, which is damage to the ulnar nerve caused by cycling or any other pressure on the elbow, etc. 

Chronic Injuries - 

Chronic Injury is a type of overuse injury that develops gradually and lasts for a long time. However, the difference between the two lies in how long the pain lasts. If you are suffering from an injury for 6 months or longer, it is a chronic injury. If not treated at its early stage, it can cause you a lifetime of pain, inflammation, and discomfort. Also, both acute and overuse injuries can turn into chronic pain if not taken care of. 

They include Spinal Injuries, which result from the damage to the vertebrae, ligaments, or the disks of the spinal cord; Shin splints, caused by over-pressurizing your leg muscles, tendons, or shin bones; Chronic high hamstring tendinopathy, which is a sharp pain in the back of your thigh commonly caused by running or biking; Patellofemoral pain syndrome, is a knee pain that may be caused by muscle imbalances, surgery, or repetitive stress on your knee joint.

What Causes Injuries?

Although any person can get an injury while playing sports long-distance runners, gymnasts, sprinters, and rugby players are at a higher risk of injury. Several causes can lead to such injuries as mentioned below:- 

  • Incorrect use of equipment
  • Overtraining
  • Improper warm-up
  • Poor technique
  • Not following the safety precautions needed for the sport
  • Dehydration
  • Hormone levels
  • Change in climate (Heat-related)
  • Inability to concentrate

You need not panic for small injuries such as leg sprains, cuts, burns, or minor head injuries. However, it is advisable to do the right medication for you to recover soon. Also, buying medicines made easier by 3MEDS, one of the best online pharmacy in India. Go Shop them at exciting offers and discounts up to 23%. Thank me later!

How Do We Prevent Ourselves From Getting Injuries?

Since most injuries happen due to overtraining, practice a proper warm-up and cool-down routine during sports as it increases blood flow to your muscles, and helps recover the normal heart rate and blood pressure levels respectively. Hydration is another important factor for sportsmen as it replaces the water lost by the body through sweating and helps prevent cramps, heat exhaustion, or strokes.

 For sports such as gymnastics, cricket, rugby; it is essential to wear properly-fitted protective equipment that prevents injuries to a major level. Sometimes we try to be the savior for our team and play even when we are in pain, but it is highly recommended to not play through the pain and make sure first aid is available at all competitions and places where you play sports. 

What Are The Possible Treatment Options? 

Minor injuries like sprains and strains can be treated at home using PRICE therapy which stands for Protecting the infected area from further damage, Resting which means to avoid exercises and reduce your daily activities, Ice pack that helps reduce bleeding, muscle spasms, and pain, Compression bandages reduce swelling making the infected area feel better and lastly, Elevation which means to keep the injured body part above the level of your heart so that blood can go back to the heart. If that's not possible, keep it parallel to the ground. 

You can also buy pain medication online like paracetamol, aspirin (16 years and above), ibuprofen that eases pain, Immobilisation that prevents further damage by reducing movement, Physiotherapy in which massages, manipulation, and exercises are used to treat the injury, etc. Doctors also suggest corticosteroid injections that reduce severe inflammation. If none work, surgery, and procedures are the last options for the treatment.

Conclusion - 

No matter how major or minor your injury is, it is important to seek care. The right medication will help you resume faster to your normal life. However, if you are living alone it may get troublesome to go travel to buy medicines, so search for a home delivery chemists near me and get them delivered at your doorstep.