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What Are the Causes and Treatment of Constipation ?How is It Diagnosed?

24 August, 2020 Samadrita Chanda

Defining Constipation

In reality, constipation is more complicated and more subtle than that, with a variety of symptoms that you just might not always recognize.

The most common symptoms  include

  • Straining to start out or complete a movement
  • Stool consistency that appears like rocks and pebbles
  • A feeling of incomplete emptying
  • A diet rich in fiber for constipation

Causes of Constipation

Constipation contains a big selection of causes and risk factors starting from poor diet to disorders that are more serious. In terms of how our bodies operate, the causes of constipation fall under three categories: 

  • Slow transit: When stool doesn’t move through your digestive tube quickly enough, you'll be able to become constipated. Risk factors for slow transit include a low-fiber diet, dehydration, and taking certain drugs, like narcotic pain medication or antidepressants. ileus is another potential cause, which can arise from a bowel blockage, narrow areas within the intestines called strictures or perhaps cancer.
  • Constipation is a difficulty for people with conditions like Parkinson’s disease and disseminated sclerosis. 
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction: Pelvic muscle weakness and other muscle function problems are a significant contributor to constipation. 

There are medicines available for constipation, you can easily avail from online chemist pharmacy Delhi India.

How to Prevent Constipation

The good news is that if you've got mild constipation, simple lifestyle changes can help manage the condition. Prevention tips include:

  • Increasing your fiber intake: Fiber-rich foods, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, all help improve gut function. If you have got bowel sensitivity, you’ll want to avoid high-fructose fruits, like apples, pears, and watermelon, which might cause gas. 
  • Regular exercise is very much needed for moving the bowel through the  colon
  • Drinking more water: Aim for eight glasses daily, and avoid caffeine, because it is often dehydrating. 
  • Go once you want it: once you feel the urge to travel, don’t wait. 

When to Determine a Doctor About Constipation

If increasing fiber intake, exercise, and hydration don’t solve the matter, your constipation could also be characterized as chronic. betting on the reason behind chronic constipation, you will need therapy or maybe low-dose laxatives to treat the matter.

Underlying medical problems

The following are some underlying medical problems which will evoke constipation

  • problems with the colon or rectum, including blockage, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or diverticulosis
  • hormonal problems, including an underactive endocrine

Who is in danger for constipation

You'll even be at greater risk if you’re:

  • Age 65 or older
  • Confined to bed. those that have certain medical conditions, like funiculus injuries, often have difficulty with bowel movements.
  • A woman or child. Women have more frequent episodes of constipation than men, and kids are affected more often than adults.
  • Pregnant. 

How is Constipation Diagnosed?

Many people tormented by constipation like better to self-treat by changing their diets, increasing exercise, or using over-the-counter laxatives.

However, laxatives shouldn’t be used for quite a fortnight without consulting a physician. Your body can become keen about them for colon function.

  • You should sit down with your medical care provider if:
  • you’ve had constipation for over three weeks
  • you have blood in your stool
  • you have abdominal pain
  • you’re experiencing pain during bowel movements
  • you’re losing weight

Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms, medical record, and any medications or underlying conditions.

physical examination may include a rectal exam and blood tests to test your blood count, electrolytes, and thyroid function.

In severe cases, additional tests could also be required to spot the reason for your symptoms. Tests may include the subsequent

Marker study

A marker study, also called a colorectal transit study, is employed to check how food is moving through your colon. For this test, you’ll swallow a pill that contains tiny markers that will show abreast of an X-ray.

You may even be asked to eat a diet high in fiber during the test.

Anorectal manometry

An anorectal manometry could be a test accustomed to evaluate musculus sphincter ani muscle function. For this test, your doctor will insert a skinny tube with a balloon tip into your anus.

Barium enema X-ray

An enema X-ray could be a variety of tests accustomed to examine the colon. For this test, you’ll drink a special liquid the night before the test to wash out the bowel.

The actual test involves the insertion of a dye called barium into your rectum, employing a lubricated tube. The barium highlights the rectum and colon area, allowing the doctor to higher view them on an X-ray.


A colonoscopy is another form of test doctors use to look at the colon. during this test, your doctor will examine your colon employing a tube that’s outfitted with a camera and lightweight source (colonoscope). 

Thus health care products Delhi can be easily e purchased for constipation from online apps like 3meds.com  which provides a 25% discount.


Thus, we see that there are various reasons for constipation and therefore you should consume foods rich in fiber and do regular exercises if situations turn was you should always go for a medical check-up.